The NTBMO is a rather cryptic anagram that would be hard to understand for someone not attending God's Church. Affectionately known as the Night to Be Much Observed, this yearly observance is always celebrated on the beginning of the First Day of Unleavened Bread.
Exodus 12:42 Exodus 12:42It is a night to be much observed to the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.
American King James Version×mentions, “It is a night of solemn observance to the LORD for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the LORD, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations” (emphasis added throughout).
This must have been a time of attentiveness to every nuance of the dramatic details that were enfolding around them.
Traditionally we gather in one another's homes or assemble together as a group in a private room and enjoy a fine meal and fellowship.
The solemn observance that this evening commemorates took place at the beginning of the exodus out of Egypt. It must have been a night of grave concern and apprehension. After living for generations in the fertile Nile delta, the Israelites were ready to move on with their lives and go to the land promised to their fathers. The origin of the word observe has the sense of guarding or watching. In the margin of my New King James translation for Exodus 12:42 Exodus 12:42It is a night to be much observed to the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.
American King James Version×it says, “night of vigil.” The New International Version says: “Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.”
Being alert and vigilant certainly are vital characteristics for Christians to have while living in a foreign country or in an age that Paul calls “this present evil age” (Galatians 1:4 Galatians 1:4Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
American King James Version×).
The concept of keeping a vigil is also mentioned in Exodus 12:37-42 Exodus 12:37-42 37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.
38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.
40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelled in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is a night to be much observed to the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.
American King James Version×in the Jerusalem Bible, Readers' edition:
“The sons of Israel left Rameses for Succoth, about six hundred thousand on the march-all men-not counting their families. People of various sorts joined them in great numbers; there were flocks, too, and herds in immense droves.
“They baked cakes with the dough, which they had brought from Egypt, unleavened because the dough was not leavened; they had been driven out of Egypt, with no time for dallying, and had not provided themselves with food for the journey. The time that the sons of Israel had spent in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. And on the very day the four hundred and thirty years end, all the array of Yahweh left the land of Egypt.
“The night, when Yahweh kept vigil to bring them out of the land of Egypt, must be kept as a vigil in honor of Yahweh for all their generations.”
The Torah also uses this same terminology concerning verse 42: “the same night is the LORD's one of vigil.”
Lessons for Our Day
When we gather together with friends on this Sabbath eve, what lessons are we to focus on? We live in a world that is full of evil and the way of truth and righteousness is far from the minds of most. Did Christ want the anxious Israelites to look to God for deliverance and also to learn the value of being vigilant in a very hostile environment?
Peter mentioned in 1 Peter 5:8 1 Peter 5:8Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walks about, seeking whom he may devour:
American King James Version×: “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.”
Christ Asked Disciples to Watch
Prior to Christ's trial and persecution leading up to His crucifixion, He went to a private place to pray.
In Matthew 26:36-46 Matthew 26:36-46 36 Then comes Jesus with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to the disciples, Sit you here, while I go and pray yonder.
37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.
38 Then said he to them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even to death: tarry you here, and watch with me.
39 And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as you will.
40 And he comes to the disciples, and finds them asleep, and said to Peter, What, could you not watch with me one hour?
41 Watch and pray, that you enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.
42 He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, your will be done.
43 And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.
44 And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.
45 Then comes he to his disciples, and said to them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
46 Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that does betray me.
American King James Version×we read the account. Three times he asked Peter and the two sons of Zebedee to “watch with Me.” Each time He returned to check on them, they were asleep. In verse 41 Christ entreated them, “Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” When the hour came for Jesus to be betrayed, they were still sleeping. They provided little companionship during this most intense time.
What is the meaning of this word watch used by Christ? Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words says it comes from the Greek word gregoreo and is used in the sense of keeping awake and spiritual alertness. Some good references are found in Acts 20:31 Acts 20:31Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
American King James Version×, 1 Corinthians 16:13 1 Corinthians 16:13Watch you, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong.
American King James Version×, Colossians 4:2 Colossians 4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving;
American King James Version×and 1 Thessalonians 5:6 1 Thessalonians 5:6Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.
American King James Version×. The context of the word watch is in reference to a spiritual condition of alertness. Christ's instruction is to prevent us becoming unwitting dupes of Satan and falling to temptation or becoming entangled with distractions. We are to be spiritually alert. This requires placing our priorities above diversions and enticements.
In Mark's account in chapter 14:37, Christ said to Peter, “Simon, are you sleeping? Could you not watch one hour?” It is difficult to keep focused on our calling and remain very vigilant against the temptations and pulls of the flesh. If anyone thinks the Christian calling is easy, he doesn't grasp the challenge. It was once said that Christianity isn't difficult to find, but that it was found difficult and not tried.
Paul reminds us all that we must continue earnestly in prayer, being vigilant in it with thanksgiving (Colossians 4:2 Colossians 4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving;
American King James Version×). We live in a fascinating and frightening world in which it is easy to be distracted and fall asleep spiritually. Perhaps in God's wisdom, the Holy Day cycle starts off with fellowship among true believers who realize the vital importance of remaining on guard and vigilant against a powerful fallen archangel who wants to hinder us from being a part of the family of God.
This NTBMO, let's learn the lesson of vigilance. It is always inspiring to look up at the full moon and remember that God's way will be a lamp unto our feet and illuminate the journey to which He has called us. Enjoy! But be on guard, for the days are evil and our deliverance to a new world depends on our following God the Father and Jesus Christ our Savior. UN