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For the first time since 1888 the American day of Thanksgiving and the first of the eight days of the Jewish festival of Hanukkah occur on the same day in 2013. The reason they coincide this year and won’t again for another 70,000 plus years is because of how the Hebrew lunar year and our regular solar year overlay each other during this particular Hebrew leap year—but more about that at the end of the article.

Freedom and miracles of Thanksgiving

Both celebrations are national holidays that mark great events in the freedom and progress of their people, and both contain rich, spiritual overtones.

Thanksgiving became a regular, annual holiday in America on the last Thursday of 1863 when made official by President Abraham Lincoln. It was moved to the current date, the fourth Thursday in November, in 1941.

It commemorated the first feast of thanksgiving hosted by the early Pilgrims of New England in 1621. They honestly thanked God for blessing their fledgling colony with a good harvest and His miraculous interventions that ensured their survival. One of their great blessings from God was the freedom to follow their faith in worshipping Him. That blessing for Americans still exists, but intolerance is growing.

A profound belief, if not a full understanding, of the God of the Bible constitutes the deep spiritual overtone of Thanksgiving. America was founded on the spiritual premise that God exists and the Bible is His Word.

Freedom and miracles of Hanukkah

Hanukkah has origins of near-biblical proportions as well. By 330 BC, Alexander the Great had conquered all of Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) and the Middle East, including the ancient land of Israel. The Promised Land was then occupied by the Jews who represented the tribes of Judah (source of the term “Jew”), Benjamin and a considerable portion of Levi, the priestly tribe.

After Alexander died in the 323 BC, the Seleucid dynasty, based in Syria and descended from one of his generals, ultimately ruled the holy land. One of the Seleucid kings, Antiochus Epiphanes, launched a legal and military battle to end freedom of religion for the Jews and force them to adopt the Greek paganism of his culture. Under his onslaught, worshiping the God of the Bible would be outlawed.

Doesn’t this sound eerily like the militant atheism movement in modern America and other nations which have launched a legal battle to force the complete rejection of belief in God and the Bible today?

In 167 BC a brave priest called Mattathias, father of five, fervent sons, rejected the Greco-Syrian command to cease worship of the true God of the Bible. He and his followers were forced to flee to the mountains where they began a war to oust the foreign leaders. This was called the Maccabean Revolt and was largely led by Mattathias’ son Judas Maccabees—which meant Judas the Hammer. His dynamic leadership was a hammer that pounded the Greco-Syrian forces to ultimate defeat.

In 165 BC the Maccabean priests recaptured and expediently rededicated the Temple in Jerusalem, but had only one day’s worth of the necessary, consecrated oil for the lamp the priests were to keep burning perpetually (see Exodus 27:20-21 Exodus 27:20-21 20 And you shall command the children of Israel, that they bring you pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always. 21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever to their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.
American King James Version×
). That single cruse of oil lasted for eight days—clearly a miracle. Thus, Hanukkah meaning “Dedication” in Hebrew became a powerful symbol of God providing the opportunity for His people to worship Him freely—not unlike the American Thanksgiving Day.

When calendars coincide

The reason that the beginning of Hanukkah coincides with Thanksgiving in this year of 2013 is most interesting. America and most of the modern world operate on a variation of the Roman Gregorian solar calendar named after Pope Gregory XIII who instituted it in 1582. As a solar calendar it is based on the earth’s rotation around the sun.

However, the Hebrew calendar is a lunar calendar based on the movement of the moon around the earth, and recognized by the vast bulk of Jewish people.  That’s why it’s sometimes called the Jewish Calendar. It is how the biblical Holy Days and the Jewish historical holidays—like Hanukkah—are calculated.

As a lunar calendar, the months change on the new moon. To keep the biblical and national festivals in their solar-based seasons an extra month is added every several years to make a leap year. The Hebrew calendar is in the midst of a leap year and Thanksgiving is later in November than usual, consequently the two festivals coincide.

True Christians today faithfully observe the commanded annual festivals of God (see Leviticus 23) which are overlaid on the solar, civil calendar by careful computation. Jesus, His apostles and the early Church likewise kept these same days.

God gave the Jews (which in their turn included the Maccabees) a very important responsibility as the apostle Paul was inspired to point out: “What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision? Much in every way! Chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of God” (Romans 3:1-2 Romans 3:1-2 1 What advantage then has the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision? 2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.
American King James Version×
). The “oracles” of God are the “words” of God, or as we refer to it, the Word of God—the Bible.

Maintaining God’s appointed calendar has long been the responsibility of the Jews so, as Jesus Christ said, “…the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth” (see John 4:21-24 John 4:21-24 21 Jesus said to her, Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when you shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. 22 You worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. 23 But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him. 24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
American King James Version×
), and would know when to observe His annual days commanded and listed in His Word. The official Jewish maintenance of the Hebrew calendar also identifies the dates for Jewish national holidays.

Happy Thanksgivukkah!

America’s Thanksgiving Day and Jewish Hanukkah (labeled Thanksgivukkah in the popular media) remind us to give God thanks for all His mercy and blessings.

Those who try to convince themselves that God doesn’t exist have voluntarily blinded themselves to the obvious. May they prove God exists and find relief from trying to carry the burden of the universe on their own shoulders! And may their eyes be thus opened to the greatness and glory of the true and eternal God of the Bible—and give Him thanks!

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  • Fjr
    The subject of Thanksgiving is puzzling to me. I am a baptized member of Gods church, one of His called out ones.What is puzzling to me is that it seems like we are doing the very thing we tell others not to do,celebrate man made holidays like Christmas,Easter,etc.This is insane to me And it seems like we are being hypocrites. The very thing we tell others not to do we are doing people! We are using all the same reasons that people who celebrate Christmas and Easter use. Yahweh did not say for us to do this, to make up a Holy Day for Him.He does not need us to do this for Him. While the thought of Thanksgiving is nice,it is not commanded by God.The UCG even published an article comparing this day to the Feast of Tabernacles!I go to worship with brethren on His Sabbath from the UCG weekly, and am wondering about our acceptance and celebration of this day. Have we spiritually gone to sleep on this area of our worship?
  • Tammy Walston Vaught
    Thank you for this article about Thanksgivukkah it is sure to generate many responses because it brings us together, more articles concerning the Jewish holidays should be written that tie the Israelite nations and all nations to the nation of Israel despite our differences. This article gives us hope that the truths of the Bible has and will continue.
  • Webelieve
    re Fjr, Shalom. Please read Psalms 100. And other verses in the Word and you may change your thoughts about Thanksgiving. You are correct about the other man-made holidaze though. However I do appreciate the holy music of Christmas(we all know that Yeshua was born in Sept); the commercialization I do not appreciate. Shalom shalom and please pray for the Peace of Jerusalem. And Happy Hanukkah!!
  • Lena VanAusdle
    fjr, I think the biggest reason that Thanksgiving is different than Christmas or Easter, etc. is that it doesn’t claim to be a Christian holiday. It’s a national holiday, like independence day in many countries, or Hanukkah for Jewish people. None of these days are commanded by God, but John 10:22-24 John 10:22-24 22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. 23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch. 24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said to him, How long do you make us to doubt? If you be the Christ, tell us plainly.
    American King James Version×
    show that Jesus was in the temple for the Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah). He did not condemn it at all. Now, if you feel it is improper to celebrate Thanksgiving, then you shouldn’t celebrate Thanksgiving. That does not mean that those who do celebrate it are sinning. However, Christmas and Easter, for example, incorporate pagan rituals and slap Christ’s name on it, just to make it more palatable to Christians. It’s roots are not biblical, it is rooted in Baal worship, which the Bible plainly speaks against (Jeremiah 7:9 Jeremiah 7:9Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense to Baal, and walk after other gods whom you know not;
    American King James Version×
    ; Jeremiah 23:13 Jeremiah 23:13And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err.
    American King James Version×
    ). And Easter is based on worship of Ishtar (or the queen of heaven), which is specifically condemned in the Bible as well (Jeremiah 7:18 Jeremiah 7:18The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead their dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to other gods, that they may provoke me to anger.
    American King James Version×
    ; Jeremiah 44:17-25 Jeremiah 44:17-25 17 But we will certainly do whatever thing goes forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. 18 But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. 19 And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings to her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings to her, without our men? 20 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying, 21 The incense that you burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, you, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into his mind? 22 So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which you have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day. 23 Because you have burned incense, and because you have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened to you, as at this day. 24 Moreover Jeremiah said to all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt: 25 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; You and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her: you will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.
    American King James Version×
  • Randy Stiver
    FJR, The comment above is accurate. As the author of the article, I would emphasize that the American Thanksgiving is NOT a “Holy Day” and is not in any way a commanded assembly like God’s actual Holy Days are for His true Church. It is a national holiday that pays national homage to the God of the Bible, even though most Americans don’t fully understand God as He is explained in the Bible. Thus it is a day that true Christians can enjoy because it does emphasize giving thanks for the many blessings God has given the nation and the families in it. Jesus Christ before His human birth in the Old Testament(whom you referred to as “Yahweh”)as well as during His human life in the New Testament did not command keeping Thanksgiving Day, but He does command us to give thanks regularly. That a secular nation in this world would think to commemorate giving thanks to God is commendable.

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