Which Passover Should You Observe?

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Which Passover Should You Observe?

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Which Passover Should You Observe?

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We find the original Passover in Exodus 12 and the one kept by Christ in the Gospels. Which should you observe today?

Transcript

 

[Steve Myers] Christ Himself gave a very direct command to all of His followers. In fact, He told us that we are to imitate Him, we're to follow Him. And over and over and over again He told those people who were with Him to follow Him—in other words, to do the things that He would do. And it's no different when it comes to this time of the year when we realize there's a Passover that Jesus Christ Himself kept. Now questions come up because there's a couple of Passovers that are mentioned in scripture. And so which Passover should we be keeping as New Testament Christians?

[Darris McNeely] The original Passover we find in Exodus chapter 12 where the Israelites left Egypt and they killed a lamb that had been kept up until the 14th day. They kept the blood of that lamb and put it upon the doorpost. And that night the Lord passed through Egypt and killed the firstborn of the Egyptians. But it spared the firstborn of the Israelites. That entire sequence and that whole story in Exodus 12 and 13 is the original Passover (Exodus 12:1-50 Exodus 12:1-50 [1] And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, [2] This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. [3] Speak you to all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: [4] And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. [5] Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: [6] And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. [7] And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. [8] And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. [9] Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the entrails thereof. [10] And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. [11] And thus shall you eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's passover. [12] For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. [13] And the blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. [14] And this day shall be to you for a memorial; and you shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. [15] Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. [16] And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. [17] And you shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall you observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. [18] In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. [19] Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whoever eats that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. [20] You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall you eat unleavened bread. [21] Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. [22] And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. [23] For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in to your houses to smite you. [24] And you shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons for ever. [25] And it shall come to pass, when you be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he has promised, that you shall keep this service. [26] And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say to you, What mean you by this service? [27] That you shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. [28] And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. [29] And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. [30] And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. [31] And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as you have said. [32] Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also. [33] And the Egyptians were urgent on the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men. [34] And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. [35] And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: [36] And the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent to them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians. [37] And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. [38] And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. [39] And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. [40] Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelled in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. [41] And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. [42] It is a night to be much observed to the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. [43] And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: [44] But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. [45] A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof. [46] In one house shall it be eaten; you shall not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall you break a bone thereof. [47] All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. [48] And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. [49] One law shall be to him that is home born, and to the stranger that sojournes among you. [50] Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
American King James Version×
& Exodus 13:1-16 Exodus 13:1-16 [1] And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, [2] Sanctify to me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine. [3] And Moses said to the people, Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. [4] This day came you out in the month Abib. [5] And it shall be when the LORD shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month. [6] Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD. [7] Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven seen with you in all your quarters. [8] And you shall show your son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did to me when I came forth out of Egypt. [9] And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD's law may be in your mouth: for with a strong hand has the LORD brought you out of Egypt. [10] You shall therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. [11] And it shall be when the LORD shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites, as he swore to you and to your fathers, and shall give it you, [12] That you shall set apart to the LORD all that opens the matrix, and every firstling that comes of a beast which you have; the males shall be the LORD's. [13] And every firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among your children shall you redeem. [14] And it shall be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, What is this? that you shall say to him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: [15] And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that opens the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem. [16] And it shall be for a token on your hand, and for frontlets between your eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.
American King James Version×
). But that was for a different time. And that's not our practice, custom or example today. In fact, there is a New Testament Passover—the one that Jesus Himself kept—in which He changed the symbols, which the Apostle Paul gave instruction for the Church to keep and marks then as our example and our model for observing the Passover today. In 1 Corinthians 11:23 1 Corinthians 11:23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered to you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
American King James Version×
Paul writes, "I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread." The same night in which Jesus was betrayed was the Passover that He kept just before He died and it is the example, the timing, the entire Passover service that we seek as Christians today to emulate according to that example.

[Steve Myers] In fact, that's the Passover where He said, "With fervent desire I desire this Passover to eat with you," (Luke 22:14-15 Luke 22:14-15 [14] And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. [15] And he said to them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:
American King James Version×
) is what He told His disciples when He instituted that Passover. And that's the one that Paul is talking about—that one that celebrates His death, honors Him and we recognize the sacrifice of Christ. That's the Passover we are to keep and we do that on the very night that He was betrayed.

[Darris McNeely] It is not a Passover that has—it does have a connection with that of Exodus chapter 12, but it's different symbols. It's a different meaning because Christ instituted different symbols and His entire death then, which took place a few hours after that night when he took that last Passover meal with His disciples—that is the example to which we always go back and is the benchmark for observing the New Testament Passover for a sincere Christian.

[Steve Myers] That's BT Daily. We'll see you next time.