We suggest you take the time to write out your answers to these questions and compare them to the scriptures cited. Please feel free to write us with any comments or suggestions, including questions about the course or this lesson.
• What did the physical nation of Israel—God’s "Church" in Old Testament times—lack that God promised to the New Testament Church? (Jeremiah 31:33 Jeremiah 31:33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
American King James Version×; Deuteronomy 5:29 Deuteronomy 5:29O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!
American King James Version×; Acts 7:51 Acts 7:51You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you.
American King James Version×).
• Why was the giving of the Holy Spirit necessary, not only to start the Church but to benefit every member of the Church since that time? (Romans 8:7-9 Romans 8:7-9  Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
American King James Version×).
• Has the Church continued to exist, in spite of persecution from without and division from within? (Matthew 16:18 Matthew 16:18And I say also to you, That you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
American King James Version×).
• How do Church members prepare for roles in God’s future Kingdom? (Revelation 5:10 Revelation 5:10And have made us to our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
American King James Version×; Revelation 20:4 Revelation 20:4And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark on their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
American King James Version×; Daniel 7:27 Daniel 7:27And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
American King James Version×; Luke 16:10-31 Luke 16:10-31  He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much.  If therefore you have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?  And if you have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own?  No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.  And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him.  And he said to them, You are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knows your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.  The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presses into it.  And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one pronunciation mark of the law to fail.  Whoever puts away his wife, and marries another, commits adultery: and whoever marries her that is put away from her husband commits adultery.  There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:  And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores,  And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.  And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;  And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.  And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.  But Abraham said, Son, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and you are tormented.  And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from there.  Then he said, I pray you therefore, father, that you would send him to my father's house:  For I have five brothers; that he may testify to them, lest they also come into this place of torment.  Abraham said to him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.  And he said, No, father Abraham: but if one went to them from the dead, they will repent.  And he said to him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
American King James Version×; Luke 17:1-37 Luke 17:1-37  Then said he to the disciples, It is impossible but that offenses will come: but woe to him, through whom they come!  It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.  Take heed to yourselves: If your brother trespass against you, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him.  And if he trespass against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to you, saying, I repent; you shall forgive him.  And the apostles said to the Lord, Increase our faith.  And the Lord said, If you had faith as a grain of mustard seed, you might say to this sycamine tree, Be you plucked up by the root, and be you planted in the sea; and it should obey you.  But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say to him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat?  And will not rather say to him, Make ready with which I may sup, and gird yourself, and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward you shall eat and drink?  Does he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him? I trow not.  So likewise you, when you shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.  And it came to pass, as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through the middle of Samaria and Galilee.  And as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, which stood afar off:  And they lifted up their voices, and said, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.  And when he saw them, he said to them, Go show yourselves to the priests. And it came to pass, that, as they went, they were cleansed.  And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God,  And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan.  And Jesus answering said, Were there not ten cleansed? but where are the nine?  There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger.  And he said to him, Arise, go your way: your faith has made you whole.  And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God comes not with observation:  Neither shall they say, See here! or, see there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.  And he said to the disciples, The days will come, when you shall desire to see one of the days of the Son of man, and you shall not see it.  And they shall say to you, See here; or, see there: go not after them, nor follow them.  For as the lightning, that lightens out of the one part under heaven, shines to the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day.  But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.  And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.  They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.  Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built;  But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.  Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed.  In that day, he which shall be on the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.  Remember Lot's wife.  Whoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whoever shall lose his life shall preserve it.  I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left.  Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left.  Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.  And they answered and said to him, Where, Lord? And he said to them, Wherever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.
American King James Version×; Luke 18:1-43 Luke 18:1-43  And he spoke a parable to them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;  Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man:  And there was a widow in that city; and she came to him, saying, Avenge me of my adversary.  And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man;  Yet because this widow troubles me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.  And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge said.  And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night to him, though he bear long with them?  I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man comes, shall he find faith on the earth?  And he spoke this parable to certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:  Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican.  The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, that I am not as other men are, extortionists, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican.  I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.  And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes to heaven, but smote on his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.  I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.  And they brought to him also infants, that he would touch them: but when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them.  But Jesus called them to him, and said, Suffer little children to come to me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.  Truly I say to you, Whoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein.  And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?  And Jesus said to him, Why call you me good? none is good, save one, that is, God.  You know the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honor your father and your mother.  And he said, All these have I kept from my youth up.  Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one thing: sell all that you have, and distribute to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.  And when he heard this, he was very sorrowful: for he was very rich.  And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!  For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.  And they that heard it said, Who then can be saved?  And he said, The things which are impossible with men are possible with God.  Then Peter said, See, we have left all, and followed you.  And he said to them, Truly I say to you, There is no man that has left house, or parents, or brothers, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God's sake,  Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting.  Then he took to him the twelve, and said to them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished.  For he shall be delivered to the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on:  And they shall whip him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.  And they understood none of these things: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.  And it came to pass, that as he was come near to Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the way side begging:  And hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant.  And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passes by.  And he cried, saying, Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me.  And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried so much the more, You son of David, have mercy on me.  And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought to him: and when he was come near, he asked him,  Saying, What will you that I shall do to you? And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight.  And Jesus said to him, Receive your sight: your faith has saved you.  And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God.
American King James Version×; Luke 19:16-17 Luke 19:16-17  Then came the first, saying, Lord, your pound has gained ten pounds.  And he said to him, Well, you good servant: because you have been faithful in a very little, have you authority over ten cities.
American King James Version×; Jeremiah 17:10 Jeremiah 17:10I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.
American King James Version×; 1 Peter 4:12-13 1 Peter 4:12-13  Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened to you:  But rejoice, inasmuch as you are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, you may be glad also with exceeding joy.
American King James Version×; James 1:2-4 James 1:2-4  My brothers, count it all joy when you fall into divers temptations;  Knowing this, that the trying of your faith works patience.  But let patience have her perfect work, that you may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
American King James Version×; Mark 10:42-45 Mark 10:42-45  But Jesus called them to him, and said to them, You know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority on them.  But so shall it not be among you: but whoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:  And whoever of you will be the most chief, shall be servant of all.  For even the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
American King James Version×; Malachi 2:7 Malachi 2:7For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
American King James Version×).
• How is the Church organized? (1 Corinthians 12:27-28 1 Corinthians 12:27-28  Now you are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
 And God has set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
American King James Version×; Colossians 1:18 Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.
American King James Version×; Ephesians 1:22-23 Ephesians 1:22-23  And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,  Which is his body, the fullness of him that fills all in all.
American King James Version×; Ephesians 4:11-16 Ephesians 4:11-16  And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;  For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:  Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ:  That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;  But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:  From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplies, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, makes increase of the body to the edifying of itself in love.
American King James Version×; 1 Corinthians 12:4-6 1 Corinthians 12:4-6  Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.  And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.  And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which works all in all.
American King James Version×, 1 Corinthians 12:24-26 1 Corinthians 12:24-26  For our comely parts have no need: but God has tempered the body together, having given more abundant honor to that part which lacked.  That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.  And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honored, all the members rejoice with it.
American King James Version×).
• In what ways is the Church like a bride? (Ephesians 5:25-27 Ephesians 5:25-27  Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
American King James Version×; Revelation 19:6-8 Revelation 19:6-8  And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunder, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigns.  Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife has made herself ready.  And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
American King James Version×).
• What fruit does the Church strive (imperfectly) to produce? (Galatians 5:22-23 Galatians 5:22-23  But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
American King James Version×; John 13:34-35 John 13:34-35  A new commandment I give to you, That you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.  By this shall all men know that you are my disciples, if you have love one to another.
American King James Version×).
• What commission has God given the Church, and how is it to be carried out? What message will the Church preach? (Matthew 28:19-20 Matthew 28:19-20  Go you therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and, see, I am with you always, even to the end of the world. Amen.
American King James Version×; Matthew 24:14 Matthew 24:14And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness to all nations; and then shall the end come.
American King James Version×; Matthew 9:37-38 Matthew 9:37-38  Then said he to his disciples, The harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few;  Pray you therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest.
American King James Version×; Matthew 5:14-16 Matthew 5:14-16  You are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.  Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it gives light to all that are in the house.  Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
American King James Version×; Mark 4:2-20 Mark 4:2-20  And he taught them many things by parables, and said to them in his doctrine,  Listen; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:  And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.  And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:  But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.  And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.  And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.  And he said to them, He that has ears to hear, let him hear.  And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.  And he said to them, To you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but to them that are without, all these things are done in parables:  That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.  And he said to them, Know you not this parable? and how then will you know all parables?  The sower sows the word.  And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan comes immediately, and takes away the word that was sown in their hearts.  And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;  And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution rises for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.  And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word,  And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.  And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirty times, some sixty, and some an hundred.
American King James Version×).