Glossary

Glossary

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Character: Spiritually defined as the ability to discern God’s right way from the wrong, and to voluntarily surrender one’s own will to do what is right in God’s sight and, with the promised supernatural help, to resist the wrong even under pressure and temptation. God has perfect, righteous character implicit in His very Being.

Heaven: The Bible speaks of three heavens: (1) the atmosphere surrounding earth, that is, the sky (Acts 1:9-11 Acts 1:9-11 9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. 10 And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; 11 Which also said, You men of Galilee, why stand you gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as you have seen him go into heaven.
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); (2) space, including our solar system and the observable stars and galaxies (Genesis 1:14-18 Genesis 1:14-18 14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light on the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light on the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
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; Psalms 8:3 Psalms 8:3When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;
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); and (3) the location of God’s throne, from where He governs the entire universe, called “the third heaven” (2 Corinthians 12:2 2 Corinthians 12:2I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knows;) such an one caught up to the third heaven.
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). Solomon said: “God is in heaven and you are on earth” (Ecclesiastes 5:2 Ecclesiastes 5:2Be not rash with your mouth, and let not your heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and you on earth: therefore let your words be few.
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). In the Bible, the context usually tells us which of the three “heavens” is being discussed.

Humankind: Humanity, mankind (men, women and children with mind capacity), homo sapiens as a species distinct from species of the animal kind.

Image: The word image is generally used throughout the Bible in a literal sense to denote a physical or material representation, whether in human or animal form. In a theological sense, it denotes a relationship between man and his Creator, God.

Image of God: This biblical expression encompasses the purpose of God’s creation of humankind. As explained in this lesson, mankind was created for a special relationship with God and with the potential of manifesting the character and nature of God.

Likeness: Denotes similarity, resemblance, representation, etc.

Man: Biblically defined as especially created by God as both male and female in His own image—a distinction not accorded to the animal world. At creation man was given free will, a capacity for rational thought patterns, and dominion over the animals.

Science: Primarily the pursuit and study of physical and material knowledge, particularly in a systematic and organized manner, of spiritual matters.