The Authority of the Bible

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The Authority of the Bible

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“I believe God exists, but how do I know that the Bible was inspired by God?” is a good question. It comes from a spiritually maturing mind that is seriously and sincerely seeking to know the answer. For such seekers, this Bible study guide outline was prepared.

John 17:17 John 17:17Sanctify them through your truth: your word is truth.
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“Your [God, the Father’s] word is truth.”

2 Timothy 3:16 2 Timothy 3:16All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
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“All Scripture is given by inspiration of God ….”

1. If the Bible is the word of God, then its statements must be true. Do you agree?

2. If one can find a verse that is not true, then it must not be inspired by God. Do you agree?

Scientifically Accurate

1. When was the Bible written? Has scientific knowledge increased in the last century and proven false earlier theories and concepts? Find out when the following scriptures were written and when scientists came to the same conclusion.

a. The earth is round. Isaiah 40:22 Isaiah 40:22It is he that sits on the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretches out the heavens as a curtain, and spreads them out as a tent to dwell in:
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b. The Water Cycle. Job 36:27-28 Job 36:27-28 27 For he makes small the drops of water: they pour down rain according to the vapor thereof: 28 Which the clouds do drop and distil on man abundantly.
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; Ecclesiastes 1:6-7 Ecclesiastes 1:6-7 6 The wind goes toward the south, and turns about to the north; it whirls about continually, and the wind returns again according to his circuits. 7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; to the place from where the rivers come, thither they return again.
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; Ecclesiastes 11:3 Ecclesiastes 11:3If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves on the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falls, there it shall be.
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; Amos 9:6 Amos 9:6It is he that builds his stories in the heaven, and has founded his troop in the earth; he that calls for the waters of the sea, and pours them out on the face of the earth: The LORD is his name.
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c. There are warm and cold ocean currents. Psalms 8:8 Psalms 8:8The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatever passes through the paths of the seas.
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d. The earth is held in place by an invisible force. Job 26:7 Job 26:7He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth on nothing.
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e. Human blood is the same among all races and nations. Acts 17:26 Acts 17:26And has made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
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f. Quarantining patients with contagious disease is a vital practice. Leviticus 13:46 Leviticus 13:46All the days wherein the plague shall be in him he shall be defiled; he is unclean: he shall dwell alone; without the camp shall his habitation be.
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g. Sanitary disposal of human waste. Deuteronomy 23:12-13 Deuteronomy 23:12-13 12 You shall have a place also without the camp, where you shall go forth abroad: 13 And you shall have a paddle on your weapon; and it shall be, when you will ease yourself abroad, you shall dig therewith, and shall turn back and cover that which comes from you:
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2. How do you explain that these Bible writers were able to record accurate scientific knowledge centuries before man discovered the facts for himself?

3. Do biblical statements conflict with known facts of science?

Historically Accurate

1. Has archaeology been successful for confirming the biblical record?

2. Other cultures have legends and historical records similar to the biblical account of stories concerning all mankind (for example, creation, Noachian flood, Tower of Babel). What does this fact imply about the Bible’s veracity?

Prophetically Accurate

2 Peter 1:21 2 Peter 1:21For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
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…for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

1. Do men make specific predictions about the future? How often has any man’s prophecies been right? Is only God powerful enough to make His prophecies always come true?

2. Did the Bible prophesy events that have occurred? Was the prophecy written after the event, as some charge? Was the prophecy written shortly before the event showing that the writer may have only been making an educated guess about the future?

3. Compare the following prophecies with history:

a. Kingdom of Edom and its capitol, Petra — Isaiah 34; Jeremiah 49; Ezekiel 25,35

b. Cities of Ashkelon and Gaza — Jeremiah 47; Amos 1; Zephaniah 2; Zechariah 9

c. City of Samaria — Hosea 13; Micah 1

What is the probability that each of these prophecies was fulfilled entirely by chance?

LUKE 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He [Jesus] expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.

4. Did Jesus fulfill all the prophecies concerning the Messiah?


John 10:35 John 10:35If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
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… the Scripture cannot be broken

1. How many men were used to write the Bible? Over how many years were the books of the Bible written?

2. Are there supposed contradictions in the Bible? List some. Can they be explained reasonably?


1 Thessalonians 5:21 1 Thessalonians 5:21Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
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Test all things; hold fast what is good.

1. How can one “test” the Bible?

2. Is this statement true or false: If the Bible is truly the words of God, then applying its commands and exhortations in one’s life should prove wise. Compare with Proverbs 2:6 Proverbs 2:6For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.
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. Read Psalms 19:6-11 Psalms 19:6-11 6 His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit to the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. 7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. 8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes. 9 The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether. 10 More to be desired are they than gold, yes, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. 11 Moreover by them is your servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
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and Psalms 119:1 Psalms 119:1Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.
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; Psalms 119:93 Psalms 119:93I will never forget your precepts: for with them you have quickened me.
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; Psalms 119:98-100 Psalms 119:98-100 98 You through your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies: for they are ever with me. 99 I have more understanding than all my teachers: for your testimonies are my meditation. 100 I understand more than the ancients, because I keep your precepts.
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; Psalms 119:105 Psalms 119:105Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path.
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; Psalms 119:129-130 Psalms 119:129-130 129 Your testimonies are wonderful: therefore does my soul keep them. 130 The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.
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; Psalms 119:138 Psalms 119:138Your testimonies that you have commanded are righteous and very faithful.
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; Psalms 119:165 Psalms 119:165Great peace have they which love your law: and nothing shall offend them.
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and comment.

3. Are there plausible explanations for Biblical laws?

4. What have you experienced as a result of obedience to God’s commands as recorded in the Bible?


1. What does God say about the Bible?

2. Does God claim to have inspired every word of it? Does God want us to try applying its teachings?

3. What do people in the world say about the Bible’s veracity? Is there a consensus that it is the “Word of God”?

4. Do your peers think the stories of the Bible are myths? Do they think biblical commands are outdated?

5. What do you believe? Are you personally convicted that the Bible is the “Word of God”? Why or why not?