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The High Calling of Women

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The High Calling of Women

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When Loma Armstrong¹ was called to understand the Sabbath in the 1920s, God used her to teach her husband, Herbert W. Armstrong. Though he did his best to disprove it, after six months of intensive study, he finally had to accept the truth that his wife had discovered. Together they were used to spread the truth to millions of people. She is just one of the wonderful examples of women of faith who have contributed greatly to the growth of God’s Church both in the modern era and in the past. In the Bible we find examples of such women. Consider the example of Dorcas, who “was full of good works and charitable deeds” (Acts 9:36 Acts 9:36Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and giving of alms which she did.
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).

Priscilla and her husband, Aquila, who Paul called fellow workers in Christ (Romans 16:3-4 Romans 16:3-4 [3] Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: [4] Who have for my life laid down their own necks: to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
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), taught Apollos in their home. “Now a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of the Lord, though he knew only the baptism of John. So he began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside [invited him to their home, New International Version] and explained to him the way of God more accurately” (Acts 18:24-26 Acts 18:24-26 [24] And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. [25] This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spoke and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. [26] And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him to them, and expounded to him the way of God more perfectly.
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).

It is clear from the Bible that both men and women are equal before God as potential children in His family—both are joint heirs with Christ (Romans 8:17 Romans 8:17And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.
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Space does not permit recounting the accomplishments and faithfulness of women such as Mary, Mary Magdalene, Lois, Eunice, Lydia, Sarah, Esther, Deborah and Ruth.

A Shared Inheritance

It is clear from the Bible that both men and women are equal before God as potential children in His family—both are joint heirs with Christ (Romans 8:17 Romans 8:17And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.
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).

God shows no partiality to anyone in regard to their sex (Acts 10:34 Acts 10:34Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:
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). As Paul explained, “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus” (Galatians 3:28 Galatians 3:28There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
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).

Reflecting this common future for both males and females, Peter encouraged husbands and wives to think of themselves as “heirs together of the grace of life, that your prayers may not be hindered” (1 Peter 3:7 1 Peter 3:7Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.
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). Husbands and wives are joint or fellow heirs of the Kingdom of God. Males and females have the same spiritual future.

The Scriptures are also clear that God grants both men and women His Holy Spirit with its accompanying wisdom. At the founding of the New Testament Church on the Day of Pentecost, God poured out His Spirit on both men and women. As Peter publicly explained, “But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: ‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your young men shall see visions, your old men shall dream dreams. And on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days; and they shall prophesy’” (Acts 2:16-18 Acts 2:16-18 [16] But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; [17] And it shall come to pass in the last days, said God, I will pour out of my Spirit on all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: [18] And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
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). Philip the evangelist had four daughters who prophesied (Acts 21:8-9 Acts 21:8-9 [8] And the next day we that were of Paul's company departed, and came to Caesarea: and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven; and stayed with him. [9] And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy.
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), and Anna the widow was a prophetess (Luke 2:36-38 Luke 2:36-38 [36] And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity; [37] And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day. [38] And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise to the Lord, and spoke of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
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).

Prophesy comes from the Greek word propheteuo and is used “with the idea of foretelling future events pertaining especially to the kingdom of God” (Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament). Although prophesying can include inspired predictions of the future, most often it reflects speaking spiritual wisdom. Biblically encouraged ways for women to prophesy include teaching children (Proverbs 1:8 Proverbs 1:8My son, hear the instruction of your father, and forsake not the law of your mother:
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; Proverbs 31:1 Proverbs 31:1The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.
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) and younger women (Titus 2:3-5 Titus 2:3-5 [3] The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; [4] That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, [5] To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
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). This could include women who are spiritually younger and need the wisdom and advice of women who are older or more mature spiritually. Spiritually mature women can be role models and mentors for women who are younger spiritually.

Outside of Church services, women are able to teach men in areas where they have special training, expertise and experience. For example, one year at the General Conference of Elders in Cincinnati, a woman with specialized experience in abuse counseling addressed all the elders and wives who were present. There is no biblical prohibition against women teaching men in this way.

With the same potential, women and men are preparing for the same future.

At Church

However, the Bible says that a woman’s role does not include service in the ministry. Paul gives instruction that women are not to preach in the Church (1 Corinthians 14:34 1 Corinthians 14:34Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted to them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience as also said the law.
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; 1 Timothy 2:12 1 Timothy 2:12But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
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). Paul’s direct statements and the biblical example show only men in the ministry.

Some have questioned the reason for this, and some have floated various ideas which seem to discount women’s abilities. However, consider this analogy. Only descendants of Aaron were allowed to serve in the priesthood, but that didn’t mean other Levites—or other tribes for that matter—didn’t have the ability to do the job. It was just that God had chosen a specific group for a specific purpose.

Women have long served in many other key roles at services, from providing musical accompaniment, special music and directing choirs, to teaching Sabbath school, welcoming guests, organizing potlucks and church socials and so much more.

Godly Service

With the same potential, women and men are preparing for the same future. We all have different experiences, trials and roles in this life. But there are many areas of service and godliness that we all can practice.

Both men and women can be instrumental in preaching the gospel to the world through their personal examples and by serving in member participation efforts. Both can care for the needy and visit the sick and prisoners (Matthew 25:34-36 Matthew 25:34-36 [34] Then shall the King say to them on his right hand, Come, you blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: [35] For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you gave me drink: I was a stranger, and you took me in: [36] Naked, and you clothed me: I was sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
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). Both can encourage, serve and strengthen other members and build the bonds of fellowship. Romans 12 exhorts all to use the gifts given by God, with the understanding that they differ in various individuals (verses 4 to 8). In marriage, both can serve their mates and build a marriage that serves the Church.

But the foundation remains that God, who created us male and female, has offered us all the same incredible potential, to become like Him and to be His sons and daughters (2 Corinthians 6:18 2 Corinthians 6:18And will be a Father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters, said the Lord Almighty.
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Q: What Does the Bible Say About Women Ministers?

“Ministry” is used to mean different things by different groups. First there’s the type of ministry that includes serving as pastors or elders and speaking in Church services.

The Gospels show that Jesus selected only men to serve as His first apostles. Early Church history (the book of Acts) shows that the Church continued selecting only men to serve as elders and pastors. Therefore, we conclude that a woman’s role in the Church, although unique and valuable, does not include ordination to this type of ministry or preaching during church services (1 Timothy 2:11-12 1 Timothy 2:11-12 [11] Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. [12] But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
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).

Women members of the Church of God have long served in many responsibilities, from helping mothers with small children, serving our widows, encouraging our teens, organizing meal trains, creating floral decorations, visiting members, writing cards, organizing and purchasing congregational supplies—and much more. Outside of Church services, there is no biblical prohibition against women teaching men.

We find that women held many very important roles in the history of Israel and the Church. Women such as Ruth, Esther and Deborah were important in both leadership and serving within the plan of God. In the New Testament, we find that the older, experienced women (wives and mothers) were to teach the younger women (Titus 2:3-5 Titus 2:3-5 [3] The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; [4] That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, [5] To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
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).

We also find that many early Christian women taught their families out of the Word of God. Paul reminded Timothy of the things he had learned as a boy from his mother and grandmother. In 2 Timothy 1:5 2 Timothy 1:5When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in you, which dwelled first in your grandmother Lois, and your mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in you also.
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, Paul wrote, “When I call to remembrance the genuine faith that is in you, which dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice, and I am persuaded is in you also.”

Paul was referring to the fact that much of Timothy’s faith and understanding came as a result of the example and teaching of his mother and grandmother. Obviously, they were good teachers. Notice later that Paul refers to the teaching Timothy received when he was a young boy: “But you must continue in the things which you have learned and have been assured of, knowing from whom you have learned them, and that from childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus” (2 Timothy 3:14-15 2 Timothy 3:14-15 [14] But continue you in the things which you have learned and have been assured of, knowing of whom you have learned them; [15] And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures, which are able to make you wise to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
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).

The United Church of God ordains qualified women to the office of deaconess, as the early New Testament Church of God did. These women assist pastors in caring for the local congregations, often in meeting the unique needs of the women members.

¹Loma Armstrong was the wife of Herbert W. Armstrong. The Armstrongs lived in Oregon from 1920 to the 1940s. In the late 1920s Mrs. Armstrong became acquainted with a lady who kept the seventh-day Sabbath. When Mrs. Armstrong began to observe the Sabbath, Mr. Armstrong challenged her belief, but after months of intensive Bible study, he realized she was right and he was wrong, and he began to observe the Sabbath as well. Mr. Armstrong founded the Radio Church of God in 1933, which was renamed the Worldwide Church of God in 1968. He started Ambassador College (later Ambassador University) on Oct. 8, 1947, in Pasadena, California. Mrs. Armstrong died in 1967 and Mr. Armstrong died in January 1986.