God's names and titles reveal His position of power and authority, as well as His eternal and unchanging existence. They reveal His many unique characteristics and qualities, which we must learn to depend on in this Christian life.
Names and Titles of God
God’s names and titles reveal His position of power and authority. They reveal His eternal and unchanging existence. They reveal the many unique characteristics and qualities of God that we must learn to depend on in this Christian life.
Elohim – A Hebrew term translated “God” in scripture (Genesis 1:1 Genesis 1:1In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
American King James Version×). Used 2300 times throughout the Old Testament. The one true God is often called Elohim in scripture, but not all Elohim in scripture are a reference to the one true God.
El - A generic term for God. It comes from a Hebrew root word meaning, “might, strength, power”.
God used the term El in relationship to people and things that He was identified with. Genesis 35:10 Genesis 35:10And God said to him, Your name is Jacob: your name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be your name: and he called his name Israel.
American King James Version×.
Israel- As it refers to Jacob it means, “Prevailer with God”.
Israel - As it refers to the nation it means, “God Rules or Ruled By God”.
Ishmael = “God Hears”. Immanuel = “God With Us”. Bethel = “House of God”.
In Mark 15:34 Mark 15:34And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
American King James Version×- Jesus Christ cried out a form of El.
Although El is a generic term for God, it is often used in combination with other Hebrew words to reveal characteristics of God.
El - Shaddai = “Almighty God or All Sufficient God”. Genesis 17:1-5 Genesis 17:1-5 1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said to him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be you perfect.
2 And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.
3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,
4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations.
5 Neither shall your name any more be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made you.
American King James Version×- God known to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob by this name. Shaddai comes from the root word Shad = meaning “Breast or Breasted”. Refers to provision and sustenance.
El - Elyon = “Most High God”. Genesis 14:18-20 Genesis 14:18-20 18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
20 And blessed be the most high God, which has delivered your enemies into your hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
American King James Version× , Psalms 9:1-2 Psalms 9:1-2 1 I will praise you, O LORD, with my whole heart; I will show forth all your marvelous works. 2 I will be glad and rejoice in you: I will sing praise to your name, O you most High.
American King James Version×- Expresses God’s strength, sovereignty and supremacy.
El - Roi = “The God Who Sees Me or God of Vision”. Genesis 16:9-14 Genesis 16:9-14 9 And the angel of the LORD said to her, Return to your mistress, and submit yourself under her hands.
10 And the angel of the LORD said to her, I will multiply your seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
11 And the angel of the LORD said to her, Behold, you are with child and shall bear a son, and shall call his name Ishmael; because the LORD has heard your affliction.
12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man’s hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brothers.
13 And she called the name of the LORD that spoke to her, You God see me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that sees me?
14 Why the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.
American King James Version×- God sees everything.
El - Olam = “The Everlasting God or The God of Eternity”. Genesis 21:33 Genesis 21:33And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
American King James Version×, Psalms 90:1-4 Psalms 90:1-4 1 Lord, you have been our dwelling place in all generations. 2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, you are God. 3 You turn man to destruction; and say, Return, you children of men. 4 For a thousand years in your sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
American King James Version×, 93:1-2.
God’s formal name. Not a general term like EL. YHWH is God’s personal name. Ex 6:2-3, Isaiah 42:8 Isaiah 42:8I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
American King James Version× – “I am the LORD (YHWH), that is My name…”
The name YHWH expresses God’s self – existent and eternal nature. It is the name that Israel identified with the God they had covenant with. Appears 6800 times in the Hebrew writings.
Compounds of the name YHWH lend to a fuller understanding of God’s character and how He interacts with His people.
YHWH Yireh – “The LORD Will Provide”. Genesis 22:13-14 Genesis 22:13-14 13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
American King James Version× , N.T. parallel Matthew 6:30-33 Matthew 6:30-33 30 Why, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? 31 Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed? 32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knows that you have need of all these things. 33 But seek you first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added to you.
American King James Version× . God provides for our needs.
YHWH Shalom – “The LORD Is Peace”. Judges 6:23-24 Judges 6:23-24 23 And the LORD said to him, Peace be to you; fear not: you shall not die.
24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: to this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
American King James Version× , N.T. parallel, Philippians 4:6-7 Philippians 4:6-7 6 Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. 7 And the peace of God, which passes all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.
American King James Version×,9 . God is our peace today.
YHWH Nissi – “The LORD Is My Banner”. Ex. 17:13-16, Psalms 60:1-5 Psalms 60:1-5 1 O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been displeased; O turn yourself to us again.
2 You have made the earth to tremble; you have broken it: heal the breaches thereof; for it shakes.
3 You have showed your people hard things: you have made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
4 You have given a banner to them that fear you, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.
5 That your beloved may be delivered; save with your right hand, and hear me.
American King James Version× .
YHWH Tseva’ot - “The LORD of Hosts / Armies”. 1 Samuel 17:45 1 Samuel 17:45Then said David to the Philistine, You come to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
American King James Version×, Jeremiah 32:17-19 Jeremiah 32:17-19 17 Ah Lord GOD! behold, you have made the heaven and the earth by your great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for you: 18 You show loving kindness to thousands, and recompense the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD of hosts, is his name, 19 Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for your eyes are open on all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:
American King James Version×, 2 Kings 6:11-17 2 Kings 6:11-17 11 Therefore the heart of the king of Syria was sore troubled for this thing; and he called his servants, and said to them, Will you not show me which of us is for the king of Israel? 12 And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, tells the king of Israel the words that you speak in your bedchamber. 13 And he said, Go and spy where he is, that I may send and fetch him. And it was told him, saying, Behold, he is in Dothan. 14 Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a great host: and they came by night, and compassed the city about. 15 And when the servant of the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the city both with horses and chariots. And his servant said to him, Alas, my master! how shall we do? 16 And he answered, Fear not: for they that be with us are more than they that be with them. 17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray you, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.
American King James Version× .
YHWH Tsidkenu – “The LORD our Righteousness” Jeremiah 33:14-16 Jeremiah 33:14-16 14 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.
15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up to David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.
16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name with which she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.
American King James Version×, Psalms 89:14-16 Psalms 89:14-16 14 Justice and judgment are the habitation of your throne: mercy and truth shall go before your face. 15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of your countenance. 16 In your name shall they rejoice all the day: and in your righteousness shall they be exalted.
American King James Version× . God is the source of all righteousness.
YHWH Mekaddishkem – “The LORD Our Sanctifier”. Ex. 31:13-, Leviticus 20:7-8 Leviticus 20:7-8 7 Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be you holy: for I am the LORD your God.
8 And you shall keep my statutes, and do them: I am the LORD which sanctify you.
American King James Version×.
YHWH Rophekha - “The LORD Who Heals You”. Ex. 15:24-26, Psalms 103:1-5 Psalms 103:1-5 1 Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name.
2 Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits:
3 Who forgives all your iniquities; who heals all your diseases;
4 Who redeems your life from destruction; who crowns you with loving kindness and tender mercies;
5 Who satisfies your mouth with good things; so that your youth is renewed like the eagle’s.
American King James Version× .
YHWH Ro’i – “The LORD My Shepherd”. Ps. 23 .
God’s personal name and the titles associated with His name, gives us a deeper understanding of the God we worship and the type of personal relationship we can have with Him.