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God the Father, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit

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The existence of a Creator God of vast power and intelligence is so obvious from the universe around us that atheism, disbelief in God, is a denial of reality: “For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse” (Romans 1:20 Romans 1:20For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
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, New International Version). Yet much detail regarding God's attributes requires further revelation.

We understand that God is spirit (John 4:24 John 4:24God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
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), existing in a different realm from that of human beings, who are flesh. “As the heavens are higher than the earth,” so are His ways and thoughts higher than ours (Isaiah 55:9 Isaiah 55:9For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
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). Our understanding and perception of God, therefore, must be based on God's revelation to mankind through His written Word, the Bible or Holy Scriptures.

The Bible reveals that God is the Sovereign of the universe, existing supremely above all else. God is eternal, unchanging in character, all-powerful, all-knowing and ever-present (Deuteronomy 33:27 Deuteronomy 33:27The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before you; and shall say, Destroy them.
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; Isaiah 57:15 Isaiah 57:15For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
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; Malachi 3:6 Malachi 3:6For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore you sons of Jacob are not consumed.
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; James 1:17 James 1:17Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no ficklenss, neither shadow of turning.
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; Job 42:2 Job 42:2I know that you can do every thing, and that no thought can be withheld from you.
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; Jeremiah 32:17 Jeremiah 32:17Ah Lord GOD! behold, you have made the heaven and the earth by your great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for you:
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; Psalms 147:5 Psalms 147:5Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding is infinite.
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; 1 John 3:20 1 John 3:20For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knows all things.
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; 2 Chronicles 2:6 2 Chronicles 2:6But who is able to build him an house, seeing the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain him? who am I then, that I should build him an house, save only to burn sacrifice before him?
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; Jeremiah 23:23-24 Jeremiah 23:23-24 23 Am I a God at hand, said the LORD, and not a God afar off? 24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? said the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? said the LORD.
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).

Scripture further reveals God as two distinct divine Beings—God the “Father” and Jesus Christ His “Son.” (The Hebraic form of Jesus Christ is Yeshua the Messiah. The title Messiah or Christ—literally meaning “Anointed”—is that of the ruler of the lineage of King David who is prophesied to serve as the chief divine representative in restoring Israel's glory and reigning in righteousness over the world.)

Both the Old and New Testaments contain references to more than one divine personage (Psalms 110:1 Psalms 110:1The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.
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, for example, which is quoted in Acts 2:29-36 Acts 2:29-36 29 Men and brothers, let me freely speak to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulcher is with us to this day. 30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; 31 He seeing this before spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. 32 This Jesus has God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. 33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he has shed forth this, which you now see and hear. 34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he said himself, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit you on my right hand, 35 Until I make your foes your footstool. 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God has made the same Jesus, whom you have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
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). Again, the New Testament identifies Them as God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son (1 Corinthians 8:6 1 Corinthians 8:6But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.
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). The Son is also called God (Hebrews 1:8-9 Hebrews 1:8-9 8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom. 9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.
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).

As Father and Son, the one God is thus the one God family. The distinction between these two Beings existing together as God is implicit from the very beginning of Scripture (Genesis 1:1 Genesis 1:1In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
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), where the Hebrew word Elohim is used. ( Elohim is the plural form of the Hebrew word for God, Eloah. )There has been communication between these two from the beginning, as seen in the example of Genesis 1:26 Genesis 1:26And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.
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, where the pronouns Us and Our refer to  Elohim.

The Old Testament focuses on the God of Israel, who identifies Himself as “I AM” and “the Lord God…of Abraham,… of Isaac, and…of Jacob” (Exodus 3:14-15 Exodus 3:14-15 14 And God said to Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, I AM has sent me to you. 15 And God said moreover to Moses, Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, the LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial to all generations.
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). (The word Lord here is used in place of the Hebrew word spelled YHWH, which, like “I AM,” apparently denotes eternal and self-inherent existence.)

In John 8:58 John 8:58Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I am.
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, Christ refers to Himself as “I Am.” Thus, the One the Israelites knew as God, who delivered them from Egypt and accompanied them in the wilderness, was later known in the New Testament as Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 10:4 1 Corinthians 10:4And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
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). The existence of the One whom Christ referred to as “the Father” was not well understood by many before Christ's coming—though He is sometimes specifically referred to in the Old Testament.

Jesus Christ is called the “Word,” who “was with God” in the beginning and is also identified as “God” (John 1:1-2 John 1:1-2 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God.
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). All things were created through Him (verses 3, 10; Ephesians 3:9 Ephesians 3:9And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world has been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
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; Colossians 1:16 Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
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; Hebrews 1:1-3 Hebrews 1:1-3 1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:
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), and He later became flesh and dwelled among human beings (John 1:14 John 1:14And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
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).

While in the flesh, the divine Word was emptied of divine glory and might, being human in the fullest sense—able to be tempted to sin (i.e., disobey God) but never sinning (Philippians 2:5-8 Philippians 2:5-8 5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took on him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient to death, even the death of the cross.
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; Hebrews 2:14 Hebrews 2:14For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
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, 17; 4:15). As a man, Jesus said that His miracle-working power came not from Himself but from God the Father (John 5:30 John 5:30I can of my own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father which has sent me.
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; 14:10).

The relationship between the Word and the Father is more clearly defined in the New Testament, where Jesus came in the flesh as the Son of God, acted as the Father's Spokesman (John 8:28 John 8:28Then said Jesus to them, When you have lifted up the Son of man, then shall you know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father has taught me, I speak these things.
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; 12:49-50; 14:10) and revealed the Father to His disciples (Matthew 11:25-27 Matthew 11:25-27 25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hid these things from the wise and prudent, and have revealed them to babes. 26 Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in your sight. 27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the Son, but the Father; neither knows any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him.
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).

The Father “gave His only begotten Son” in sacrifice as the “Lamb of God” for the forgiveness of our sins. After that Jesus was exalted by the Father to the glory They shared before the world existed (John 3:16 John 3:16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
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; 1:29; 17:5). (See the chapters in this booklet titled “ The Sacrifice of Jesus Christ ” and “ The Passover “).

The New Testament emphasizes the unity between the “Father” and “Son,” yet makes the distinction between the two clear in numerous scriptures (see, for example, John 20:17 John 20:17Jesus said to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brothers, and say to them, I ascend to my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
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; Romans 15:6 Romans 15:6That you may with one mind and one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
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). As noted above, God “created all things through Jesus Christ” (Ephesians 3:9 Ephesians 3:9And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world has been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
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, emphasis added throughout).

As distinct Beings, the Father and Son each have a glorious spirit body (John 4:24 John 4:24God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
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; 1 Corinthians 15:45 1 Corinthians 15:45And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
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; Philippians 3:21 Philippians 3:21Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things to himself.
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). These spirit bodies have form and shape, as Moses saw the “form of the Lord” (Numbers 12:8 Numbers 12:8With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold: why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?
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; see Exodus 33:18-23 Exodus 33:18-23 18 And he said, I beseech you, show me your glory. 19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before you; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. 20 And he said, You can not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live. 21 And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and you shall stand on a rock: 22 And it shall come to pass, while my glory passes by, that I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and will cover you with my hand while I pass by: 23 And I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.
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). God as spirit is not visible to human beings (Colossians 1:15 Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
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; 1 Timothy 1:17 1 Timothy 1:17Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
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)—unless supernaturally manifested.

Yet when God does appear or show Himself in vision, He has “the appearance of a man” (Ezekiel 1:26 Ezekiel 1:26And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and on the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above on it.
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), though brilliant and radiant, being “the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord” (verse 28; see also Revelation 1:12-16 Revelation 1:12-16 12 And I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; 13 And in the middle of the seven candlesticks one like to the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the breasts with a golden girdle. 14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; 15 And his feet like to fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. 16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp two edged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shines in his strength.
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). Human beings were patterned after the form of God on a physical level (Genesis 1:26-27 Genesis 1:26-27 26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
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; 5:1-3).

The relationship between the Father and the Son demonstrates God's perfect and eternal way of life of love—outflowing concern for others. God is the embodiment of love (1 John 4:8 1 John 4:8He that loves not knows not God; for God is love.
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, 16). The Father has always loved the Son, and the Son has always loved the Father (John 17:4 John 17:4I have glorified you on the earth: I have finished the work which you gave me to do.
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, 20-26). The harmony between the Father and the Son is a singleness of mind and purpose, which Jesus Christ asked the Father to bring about among His disciples, Himself and the Father (verses 20-23).

“God,” as used in the Bible, can be a reference to either the Father (e.g., Acts 13:33 Acts 13:33God has fulfilled the same to us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you.
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; Galatians 4:6 Galatians 4:6And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
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), Jesus Christ the Son (e.g., Isaiah 9:6 Isaiah 9:6For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
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; John 1:1 John 1:1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
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, 14) or both (e.g., Romans 8:9 Romans 8:9But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
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), depending on the context of the scriptures.

The power that proceeds from God is called the Spirit of God or the Holy Spirit (Isaiah 11:2 Isaiah 11:2And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
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; Luke 1:35 Luke 1:35And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.
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; Acts 1:8 Acts 1:8But you shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come on you: and you shall be witnesses to me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and to the uttermost part of the earth.
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; 10:38; 2 Corinthians 1:22 2 Corinthians 1:22Who has also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
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; 2 Timothy 1:7 2 Timothy 1:7For God has not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
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). It is through this Spirit that God is present everywhere at once (Psalms 139:7-10 Psalms 139:7-10 7 Where shall I go from your spirit? or where shall I flee from your presence? 8 If I ascend up into heaven, you are there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, you are there. 9 If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; 10 Even there shall your hand lead me, and your right hand shall hold me.
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).

The Holy Spirit of God is not identified as a third person in a trinity but is presented in Scripture as the power of God, the mind of God and the very essence and life force of God through which the Father begets human beings as His spiritual children. The Holy Spirit is given to individuals when they genuinely repent and are baptized (Acts 2:38 Acts 2:38Then Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
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).

That Spirit is also “a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession” (Ephesians 1:14 Ephesians 1:14Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of his glory.
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, NIV) at the resurrection of the righteous to eternal life at Jesus Christ's return (1 Thessalonians 4:16 1 Thessalonians 4:16For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
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). This Spirit makes those who receive it “the children of God” in the family of God, sharing in the divine nature (Romans 8:16 Romans 8:16The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
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, KJV; 2 Peter 1:4 2 Peter 1:4Whereby are given to us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these you might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
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).

Human beings are also called elohim or “gods” in Scripture in reference to the ultimate purpose for our creation (Psalms 82:6 Psalms 82:6I have said, You are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.
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; John 10:34-36 John 10:34-36 34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, You are gods? 35 If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; 36 Say you of him, whom the Father has sanctified, and sent into the world, You blaspheme; because I said, I am the Son of God?
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). God is in the process of expanding the divine family beyond the Father and Son. Ephesians 3:14-15 Ephesians 3:14-15 14 For this cause I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15 Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,
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refers to “the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, from whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named.”

Jesus is called “the firstborn among many brethren” (Romans 8:29 Romans 8:29For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
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). Human beings have the wonderful potential to enter the God family and be transformed into the same kind of beings the Father and Christ now are (Romans 8:14 Romans 8:14For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
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, 19; John 1:12 John 1:12But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
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; 1 John 3:1-2 1 John 3:1-2 1 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knows us not, because it knew him not. 2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it does not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
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). (See the chapters in this booklet titled “ Humanity ” and “ God's Purpose for Mankind “.)

God wants us to come to know Him so we can have confidence in Him and love Him. He has disclosed much about Himself through the names, titles and descriptions He revealed to those with whom He worked in past ages.

These reveal that God possesses supreme intelligence, power, glory and wisdom (Genesis 14:19 Genesis 14:19And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
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, 22; 16:13; Psalms 29:3 Psalms 29:3The voice of the LORD is on the waters: the God of glory thunders: the LORD is on many waters.
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; 47:2; Isaiah 55:8-9 Isaiah 55:8-9 8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, said the LORD. 9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
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; 1 Timothy 1:17 1 Timothy 1:17Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
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; Jude 25); that He embodies all righteousness, perfection and truth (Deuteronomy 32:4 Deuteronomy 32:4He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.
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; 2 Corinthians 13:11 2 Corinthians 13:11Finally, brothers, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you.
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); that He possesses heaven and earth (Genesis 14:19 Genesis 14:19And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
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, 22; Acts 17:24 Acts 17:24God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwells not in temples made with hands;
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); that He is immortal (Genesis 21:33 Genesis 21:33And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
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; 1 Timothy 1:17 1 Timothy 1:17Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
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) and worthy of all praise (Psalms 18:3 Psalms 18:3I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from my enemies.
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; Revelation 4:11 Revelation 4:11You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for you have created all things, and for your pleasure they are and were created.
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).

God is our provider (Genesis 22:14 Genesis 22:14And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
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; 1 Timothy 6:13 1 Timothy 6:13I give you charge in the sight of God, who vivifies all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
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, 17; James 1:5 James 1:5If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men liberally, and upbraides not; and it shall be given him.
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, 17), healer (Exodus 15:26 Exodus 15:26And said, If you will diligently listen to the voice of the LORD your God, and will do that which is right in his sight, and will give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases on you, which I have brought on the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that heals you.
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), shield (Genesis 15:1 Genesis 15:1After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am your shield, and your exceeding great reward.
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; Psalms 59:11 Psalms 59:11Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by your power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
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), defense (Psalms 18:2 Psalms 18:2The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.
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; 94:22), counselor (Isaiah 28:29 Isaiah 28:29This also comes forth from the LORD of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.
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), teacher (Psalms 25:4-5 Psalms 25:4-5 4 Show me your ways, O LORD; teach me your paths. 5 Lead me in your truth, and teach me: for you are the God of my salvation; on you do I wait all the day.
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, 9; Isaiah 48:17 Isaiah 48:17Thus said the LORD, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD your God which teaches you to profit, which leads you by the way that you should go.
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), lawgiver (Isaiah 33:22 Isaiah 33:22For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.
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; James 4:12 James 4:12There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who are you that judge another?
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), judge (Genesis 18:25 Genesis 18:25That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from you: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
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; Psalms 50:6 Psalms 50:6And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God is judge himself. Selah.
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), strength (Psalms 18:2 Psalms 18:2The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.
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; 28:7; 59:17) and salvation (Psalms 27:1 Psalms 27:1The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
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, 9; 68:20).

He is faithful, merciful, generous, patient, kind, just and compassionate (Exodus 34:5-7 Exodus 34:5-7 5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. 6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, 7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the children’s children, to the third and to the fourth generation.
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; Deuteronomy 7:9 Deuteronomy 7:9Know therefore that the LORD your God, he is God, the faithful God, which keeps covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations;
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). God hears our prayers (Psalms 6:9 Psalms 6:9The LORD has heard my supplication; the LORD will receive my prayer.
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; 34:17; 65:2), enters into a covenant relationship with us (Deuteronomy 29:12 Deuteronomy 29:12That you should enter into covenant with the LORD your God, and into his oath, which the LORD your God makes with you this day:
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; Daniel 9:4 Daniel 9:4And I prayed to the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments;
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), is a refuge in trouble (Psalms 9:9 Psalms 9:9The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.
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), gives us knowledge (Psalms 94:10 Psalms 94:10He that chastises the heathen, shall not he correct? he that teaches man knowledge, shall not he know?
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) and desires to give us immortality that we might share eternal life with Him in His family and Kingdom (John 3:16 John 3:16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
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; Luke 12:32 Luke 12:32Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
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).

Jesus Christ, besides being God the Son and our Elder Brother in God's family, is also the living, active Head of the Church of God (Ephesians 5:23 Ephesians 5:23For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the savior of the body.
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; Colossians 1:18 Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.
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), its Chief Apostle (Hebrews 3:1 Hebrews 3:1Why, holy brothers, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;
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) and its Chief Shepherd or Pastor (1 Peter 5:4 1 Peter 5:4And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, you shall receive a crown of glory that fades not away.
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). He lives within repentant Christian believers through the Holy Spirit as our personal Savior (compare Galatians 2:20 Galatians 2:20I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ lives in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
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; John 14:23 John 14:23Jesus answered and said to him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come to him, and make our stayed with him.
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; 1 John 3:24 1 John 3:24And he that keeps his commandments dwells in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he stays in us, by the Spirit which he has given us.
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). He sits at the right hand of God the Father in heaven as our High Priest (Hebrews 3:1 Hebrews 3:1Why, holy brothers, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;
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; 4:14-15; 6:20), Intercessor (Romans 8:34 Romans 8:34Who is he that comdemns? It is Christ that died, yes rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.
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) and Advocate (1 John 2:1 1 John 2:1My little children, these things write I to you, that you sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
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). And we await His return as King of Kings and Lord of Lords to rule over all nations and serve as supreme Judge under the Father (Revelation 11:15 Revelation 11:15And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
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; 17:14; 19:15-16; John 5:22 John 5:22For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son:
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, 27; 2 Corinthians 5:10 2 Corinthians 5:10For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he has done, whether it be good or bad.
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). 

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