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The Chronology of the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ

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 Tuesday

Jesus Christ ate an evening Passover meal with His disciples (at the beginning of Nisan 14, Jewish reckoning) and instituted the New Covenant symbols (Matthew 26:26-28 Matthew 26:26-28 26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink you all of it; 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
American King James Version×
). Jesus was then betrayed by Judas, arrested and during the night brought before the high priest.

 Wednesday

Jesus was crucified and died around 3 p.m. (Matthew 27:46-50 Matthew 27:46-50 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? 47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calls for Elias. 48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. 49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. 50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
American King James Version×
). This was the preparation day for the annual —not weekly—Sabbath, which began at sunset (Mark 15:42 Mark 15:42And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,
American King James Version×
; Luke 23:54 Luke 23:54And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.
American King James Version×
; John 19:31 John 19:31The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) sought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
American King James Version×
). Jesus’ body was placed in the tomb just before sunset (Matthew 27:57-60 Matthew 27:57-60 57 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus’ disciple: 58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. 59 And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulcher, and departed.
American King James Version×
).

 Thursday

This was the high-day Sabbath, the first day of the biblical Feast of Unleavened Bread (John 19:31 John 19:31The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) sought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
American King James Version×
; Leviticus 23:4-7 Leviticus 23:4-7 4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their seasons. 5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’s passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 In the first day you shall have an holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein.
American King James Version×
). It is described as the day after the “Day of Preparation” (Matthew 27:62 Matthew 27:62Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together to Pilate,
American King James Version×
). Wednesday night and the daylight portion of Thursday were the first of three days and nights Jesus’ body was in the tomb.

 Friday

The high-day annual Sabbath now past, the women bought and prepared spices for anointing Jesus’ body before resting on the weekly Sabbath day, which began at Friday sunset (Mark 16:1 Mark 16:1And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
American King James Version×
; Luke 23:56 Luke 23:56And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
American King James Version×
). Thursday night and the daylight portion of Friday marked the second of three days and nights Jesus’ body was entombed.

 Saturday

The women rested on the weekly Sabbath day, according to the Fourth Commandment (Luke 23:56 Luke 23:56And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
American King James Version×
; Exodus 20:8-11 Exodus 20:8-11 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shall you labor, and do all your work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates: 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: why the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
American King James Version×
). Jesus rose near sunset, exactly three days and three nights after His body was placed in the tomb, fulfilling the sign of Jonah and authenticating the sign He gave of His messiahship.

 Sunday

The women brought the prepared spices early in the morning while it was still dark (Luke 24:1 Luke 24:1Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulcher, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.
American King James Version×
; John 20:1 John 20:1The first day of the week comes Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, to the sepulcher, and sees the stone taken away from the sepulcher.
American King James Version×
). Jesus had already risen (Matthew 28:1-6 Matthew 28:1-6 1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher. 2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. 3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: 4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men. 5 And the angel answered and said to the women, Fear not you: for I know that you seek Jesus, which was crucified. 6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.
American King James Version×
; Mark 16:2-6 Mark 16:2-6 2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came to the sepulcher at the rising of the sun. 3 And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulcher? 4 And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great. 5 And entering into the sepulcher, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted. 6 And he said to them, Be not affrighted: You seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.
American King James Version×
; Luke 24:2-3 Luke 24:2-3 2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulcher. 3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
American King James Version×
; John 20:1 John 20:1The first day of the week comes Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, to the sepulcher, and sees the stone taken away from the sepulcher.
American King James Version×
). He did not rise on Sunday morning, but near sunset the day before— three days and three nights after being put in the tomb, just as He foretold.

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    Comments

  • debrajoy
    Where in the Bible does it state Jesus rose near sunset? Did He just hang out near the tomb until Mary saw Him the next day?
  • Ivan Veller
    Hi Debra, Joseph asked for the body “[w]hen it was evening” (Matthew 27:57 Matthew 27:57When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus’ disciple:
    American King James Version×
    a, 62b ESV 2011): ‘the [annual] Sabbath was beginning:” (Luke 23:54 Luke 23:54And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.
    American King James Version×
    ESV)—& “because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there” (John 19:42 John 19:42There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews’ preparation day; for the sepulcher was near at hand.
    American King James Version×
    ESV). In biblical reckoning, full ‘days’ (the 24-hour combination of night & daylight hours) begin, not at midnight (per Roman reckoning), but at sunset: http://www.ucg.org/booklet/sunset-sunset-gods-sabbath-rest/sabbath-begin… Note the ‘Sabbath’ being referred to here is the annual Festival of Unleavened Bread’s first holy day (John 19:31 John 19:31The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) sought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
    American King James Version×
    )—“which, in A.D. 31, fell on a Thursday”: http://www.ucg.org/bible-faq/when-was-jesus-christ-crucified-and-resurre… Also see: http://www.ucg.org/doctrinal-beliefs/centuries-old-documents-show-eviden… Similarly, another annual holy day, Atonement, is also called a ‘Sabbath’ (Leviticus 23:32 Leviticus 23:32It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your sabbath.
    American King James Version×
    ESV)—even though it falls on a Wednesday in 2015: http://www.ucg.org/holy-day-calendar/ Now, count “three days and three nights” (Matthew 12:40 Matthew 12:40For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
    American King James Version×
    ESV) forward: http://www.ucg.org/tags/three-days-and-three-nights/
  • Arrott
    Jesus could not have eaten the Passover with the disciples since he was already in the tomb at Passover. The Passover started even on the 14th also the High Sabbath started and the 1st day of unleavened bread, Jesus had a last supper with his disciples on the 13th at even and was early that morning on the 14th Jesus was captured and by noon that day he was crucified and place in the tomb before sunset, the Passover lamb was always killed at twilight on 14th, Ex. 12
  • Rudy Rangel
    Arrott, You and I measure time from midnight to midnight. God in the bible doesn’t measure time in the same way. All of his Holy days and the Sabbath begin at sundown and ends the following evening. You said that He and the disciples ate the Passover on the 13th. If you count from midnight to midnight you would be correct. But God and Jesus have always counted a new day beginning at sundown. So the Passover is kept the evening before. Jesus and His disciples ate at the very beginning of the 14th. Here is a good article for some biblical reference. I hope this helps. Take care. http://www.ucg.org/booklet/sunset-sunset-gods-sabbath-rest/sabbath-begin…
  • Lewis VanAusdle
    Arrott, Jesus clearly ate the Passover with the disciples because He said He would (Mt26:18). They ate at the beginning of the 14th as commanded in Lev 23. He was crucified during the daylight hours of the 14th. The Jews would have prepared their passover near the end of the 14th, possibly killing their lambs at the same time Jesus died. Once sunset came, the 15th began and so did the 1st day of unleavened bread, a holy day. By tradition the Jews ate the Passover at the end of the 14th and in modern days actually at the beginning of the 15th. It sounds like there are 2 Passover meals happening in this story. Jesus kept it at the beginning of the 14th so that’s when I keep Passover.
  • Bob Gv
    Can anyone find out what year it was that Passover occured on a Thursday?
  • Bob Gv
    I see where you say Passover occured on a Wed in the year 31AD. However, if Passover was the first full moon after the vernal equinox, it does not fit with 31 AD. Can you explain, please?
  • Ivan Veller
    Hello Bob Gv, “Equinoxes are not mentioned in Scripture”: http://members.ucg.org/papers/exodus34.pdf “‘[D]espite efforts in Asia Minor to maintain the Jewish [P]assover date of 14 Nisan for Easter…the Council of Nicaea adopted the annual Sunday following the full moon after the vernal equinox (March 21)’ [Evangelical Dictionary of Theology]”: http://www.ucg.org/booklet/holidays-or-holy-days-does-it-matter-which-da… “As the Catechism of the Catholic Church explains…‘At the Council of Nicaea in 325, all the Churches agreed that Easter…should be celebrated on the Sunday following the first full moon…after the vernal equinox’ (1995, p. 332). Up until this time, many believers had continued to commemorate Jesus’ death through the biblical Passover as Jesus and the apostles had instructed”: http://www.ucg.org/holidays-and-holy-days/christians-who-dont-celebrate-… “‘In…honor [of Easter, goddess of spring,] sacrifices were offered at the time of the vernal [spring] equinox’ [ISBE]. [P]agan rites…[were] incorporated into the Easter liturgy of Rome”: http://www.ucg.org/doctrinal-beliefs/good-friday-easter-sunday-question/
  • Ivan Veller
    “‘In Rome Easter was celebrated on the Sunday following the full moon after the spring equinox’ [Oxford Illustrated History of Christianity]…The date of Easter, as part of the mixing of the ancient fertility and resurrection celebrations with the death and resurrection of Jesus, was heatedly debated during the 2nd century after Christ, especially by…the Quartodecimans…[who] insisted on observing Passover on the 14th of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar. ‘In the mid-second century…some Gentile Christians began to celebrate it on the Sunday after 14 Nisan…regardless of the date on which it fell. The resulting controversy…reached a head in A.D. 197, when Victor of Rome excommunicated those Christians who insisted on celebrating Easter [actually Passover] on 14 Nisan. ‘The dispute continued until…Constantine [required] the…observing [of] Easter on the Sunday following 14 Nisan, rather than on the date itself [of the actual Passover]’ [Harper’s Bible Dictionary]”: http://www.ucg.org/holidays-and-holy-days/what-does-easter-really-commem… It was “supplanted by nonbiblical traditions”: http://www.ucg.org/holidays-and-holy-days/does-easter-really-commemorate…
  • Gus
    The true Sabbath seems to be a major stumbling block for Christians today. Keeping traditions of man over commands of God is sin. Clearly God created the Sabbath as the 7th day. Man has no authority to change what God decrees. And in that day you shall do no work. The mark of the beast is in the hand,(work) or in the forehead,(thought). The Sabbath day is set aside to give prayer (thought) to the father. Abstaining for work and praising the father on the proper day fits well with the mark of the beast.

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