Spiritual Lessons in Foot Washing

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Spiritual Lessons in Foot Washing

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As a young boy, I lived in an isolated forestry village. Our home had neither running water nor electricity. A bath was a once-a-week luxury. A nightly ritual before bed was to sit on the back step with a basin of warm water and wash our feet. As boys, we ran around barefoot and invariably our feet were encrusted with dirt or mud.

Christ gave a directive to wash one another’s feet and, when we reflect upon it, we find a vital teaching. In the scriptural examples of foot washing for guests, we find that water was often provided so that guests could wash their own feet. Abraham provided water for Christ and the angels this way. Abraham told them, “I'll get some water so you can wash your feet. Rest under this tree” (Genesis 18:4, The Message). This implies that if Christ and the angels did wash (which isn’t stated), they likely washed their own feet.

When Joseph welcomed his brothers to a banquet, the steward provided water for them to wash their feet before supper was served (Genesis 43:24). The story of the old man from Ephraim who housed the traveling Levite and his concubine (see Judges 19:16-21) similarly records, “So he brought him into his house, and gave fodder to the donkeys. And they washed their [own] feet, and ate and drank” (Judges 19:21). But in Christ’s directive there is an “above and beyond” requirement to actively participate in the washing of another’s feet. This is something we do during Passover. Our annual Passover foot washing therefore teaches these important lessons:

Jesus Christ set us an example

We have the direct statements of Christ, as our Lord and Teacher, that this is what He wanted His disciples to practice: “If then I, the Lord and the Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you” (John 13:14-15). He is our Teacher. Will we allow Him to instruct us?

Jesus instituted this ordinance for His disciples, to illustrate His willingness to unconditionally serve and love us. He commands that we humble ourselves and follow His example. Beyond that, we should want to follow His example because we love Him and desire to be like Him. Otherwise, we risk going through the motions just because we are told to do it.

Humility and service are required

Peter exclaimed, “You shall never wash my feet!” (John 13:8). Christ’s answer was that if Peter didn’t submit to the ordinance, he would have no part in Christ. When we wash someone’s feet, we take on the position of the lowest of servants. To do it properly requires humility—the setting aside of all pride. Jesus Christ humbled Himself when He came down to this earth as a mortal man, but He further humbled Himself when He took on the duties of a foot-washing servant. That is what Peter was responding to when Jesus tried to wash his feet. In that respect, foot washing takes humility from both: the one who washes, and the one who is washed.

Jesus Christ said, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me”—you can’t have a relationship with Me. With Jesus Christ’s explanation, we understand that the act helps to build a relationship with the individual whose feet we are washing.

Paul illustrates the humility of Christ by showing He gave up His divinity to become a man (Philippians 2:5-8). In that humble state, He instructed His disciples to likewise “wash one another’s feet.”

To be Christ’s servants we must be spiritually clean

Although the primary lessons are humility, love and service, there is another lesson we can learn about being clean spiritually and being an influence on others, which helps them to be spiritually clean.

When Christ told Peter that, unless Peter submitted to the foot washing, he would have no part in Christ, Peter responded, “‘Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!’ Jesus said to him, ‘He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean’” (John 13:9-10).

Christ’s words that “He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet” have led some to think of the following analogy: Christ’s followers are cleansed at baptism, and we are further cleansed each time we confess our sins and ask for forgiveness. But as we go through the daily “walk” of life, some of the worldly influences rub off on us, like dust gets on the feet of someone walking. If that is a valid analogy, then the Passover footwashing becomes an annual reminder of our continual need to be washed from the sinful influences of the world.

Washing another person’s feet also reminds us that we are involved in helping others to be spiritually clean. The book of Hebrews exhorts baptized members who have been “washed with water” to consider others, exhorting them in fellowship (Hebrews 10:22-25).

The book of Hebrews, in contrasting the Old Testament sacrificial system, says Christ’s sacrifice cleanses our conscience from dead works so we may serve the living God (Hebrews 9:14). The apostle John wrote that on confession of sin we receive forgiveness and cleansing from unrighteousness (1 John 1:9). In our annual self-reflection, it helps to consider the cleansing we need through Christ’s sacrifice, the cleansing that we have received, and the cleansing we help others to seek. Our annual foot washing ceremony helps reinforce these lessons.

Further reading

To learn more about Passover and the Holy Days of God, request or download our free booklet God's Holy Day Plan: The Promise of Hope for All Mankind.


  • United Church of God
    Tom, the question of participating in the foot washing element of Passover for the unbaptized or the children of members is a question that arises from time to time. The entire family did join in the Old Testament Passover as outlined in Exodus 12:3-8, but Jesus instituted a new Passover that night (Matthew 26:28). That night only Jesus and the disciples were there (Matthew 26:19-20). Look at the lesson Jesus directed at Peter that night, “Jesus said to him, ‘He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you’” (John 13:10). The foot washing part of Passover not only symbolizes humility, it also symbolizes that we come to Passover spiritually cleansed, and repentant, and prepared for the Passover bread and wine. We are to be repentant and fully examined inwardly, our heart exposed to God in an attitude of submission and surrender. Foot washing should help remind the converted heart of this process (1 Corinthians 11:27-29). Passover is the complete submission to the covenant relationship that exists between Jesus Christ, the Father, and the person partaking of the Passover.
  • TommyG21
    Recently the subject was brought up that only those who are baptized should be allowed to take part in the footwashing. I do believe that one should be baptized to take part in the bread and wine which symbolizes Christ's body and blood, but is it considered wrong for an unbaptized person to at least take part in the foot washing? We have several that are in the conversion process through study and prayer, but don't feel they have reashed the point of committment yet. Some feel it is wrong for unbaptized members to do so, but is it wrong in God's eyes to practice the lesson of humility before baptism? If one is looking for answers, would that not discourage such member if they were excluded? I have found no scriptures that would discourage such practice as long as that member is sincer in their quest for true spiritual understanding. Thanks for taking my question and comment. Tom
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