Are the Ten Commandments in the New Testament?

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Are the Ten Commandments in the New Testament?

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When we think of the Ten Commandments, we often think of Moses coming down off Mt. Sinai with tablets of stone, bearing writing by the very finger of God. After finding the people worshipping a golden calf, we’re told he threw down the tablets, breaking them into pieces at the foot of the mountain (Exodus 32). But was that the end of the Ten Commandments?

While we might not see a conveniently compiled list of the Ten Commandments in the New Testament like we do in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5, we do see through the teachings of Jesus and His disciples that we are expected to keep the Ten Commandments today. Below, the Ten Commandments are listed along with New Testament scriptures where they are referenced and taught, as well as places where they are summarized or referred to as a whole.

The First Commandment: You shall have no other gods before God

Matthew 6:24 Matthew 6:24No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches that we can only serve God.

Matthew 19:17 Matthew 19:17And he said to him, Why call you me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if you will enter into life, keep the commandments.
American King James Version×
—Jesus says there is only One (God) who is good.

Matthew 22:37-38 Matthew 22:37-38 37 Jesus said to him, You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches to love God with all you have and calls this the first and greatest commandment.

Acts 14:8-15 Acts 14:8-15 8 And there sat a certain man at Lystra, weak in his feet, being a cripple from his mother’s womb, who never had walked: 9 The same heard Paul speak: who steadfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed, 10 Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on your feet. And he leaped and walked. 11 And when the people saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices, saying in the speech of Lycaonia, The gods are come down to us in the likeness of men. 12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker. 13 Then the priest of Jupiter, which was before their city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and would have done sacrifice with the people. 14 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out, 15 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach to you that you should turn from these vanities to the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
American King James Version×
—Paul and Barnabas tear their clothes at the idea of being thought of as gods.

Acts 17:22-25 Acts 17:22-25 22 Then Paul stood in the middle of Mars’ hill, and said, You men of Athens, I perceive that in all things you are too superstitious. 23 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore you ignorantly worship, him declare I to you. 24 God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwells not in temples made with hands; 25 Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he gives to all life, and breath, and all things;
American King James Version×
—Paul shows the idols being worshipped in Athens are powerless.

Revelation 19:19-21 Revelation 19:19-21 19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that worked miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat on the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
American King James Version×
—People killed for worshipping the beast and false prophet, among other sins.

The Second Commandment: You shall not make or worship graven images

Acts 17:28-30 Acts 17:28-30 28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring. 29 For as much then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like to gold, or silver, or stone, graven by are and man’s device. 30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commands all men every where to repent:
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches that God is not portrayed in metal or stone

Acts 19:23-26 Acts 19:23-26 23 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way. 24 For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain to the craftsmen; 25 Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, you know that by this craft we have our wealth. 26 Moreover you see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul has persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands:
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches there are no man-made gods

Colossians 3:5 Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:
American King James Version×
—Paul instructs us to put away things like lust, greed and evil desires and calls those things idolatry.

Ephesians 5:5 Ephesians 5:5For this you know, that no fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
American King James Version×
; 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 9 Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches that those who worship idols will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

The Third Commandment: You shall not take God’s name in vain

Matthew 5:33-37 Matthew 5:33-37 33 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, You shall not forswear yourself, but shall perform to the Lord your oaths: 34 But I say to you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne: 35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. 36 Neither shall you swear by your head, because you can not make one hair white or black. 37 But let your communication be, Yes, yes; No, no: for whatever is more than these comes of evil.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches that our word should be our bond. To swear by God or anything else comes from “the evil one.”

Matthew 23:16-21 Matthew 23:16-21 16 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! 17 You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold? 18 And, Whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is guilty. 19 You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift? 20 Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon. 21 And whoever shall swear by the temple, swears by it, and by him that dwells therein.
American King James Version×
—Jesus condemns those who swear by the temple or heaven, explaining that in doing so, they are in reality swearing by God. In calling the group hypocritical, He clearly portrays that all their swearing was done in vain.

James 5:12 James 5:12But above all things, my brothers, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yes be yes; and your no, no; lest you fall into condemnation.
American King James Version×
—James reaffirms what Jesus taught in Matthew 5:33-37 Matthew 5:33-37 33 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, You shall not forswear yourself, but shall perform to the Lord your oaths: 34 But I say to you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne: 35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. 36 Neither shall you swear by your head, because you can not make one hair white or black. 37 But let your communication be, Yes, yes; No, no: for whatever is more than these comes of evil.
American King James Version×

The Fourth Commandment: Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy

Mark 2:27-28 Mark 2:27-28 27 And he said to them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: 28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
American King James Version×
—Jesus explains that the Sabbath was made for man and He is Lord of the Sabbath.

Luke 4:16 Luke 4:16And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
American King James Version×
—Jesus keeps the Sabbath.

Acts 13:42-44 Acts 13:42-44 42 And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles sought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. 43 Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. 44 And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God.
American King James Version×
Acts 17:1-3 Acts 17:1-3 1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: 2 And Paul, as his manner was, went in to them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, 3 Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach to you, is Christ.
American King James Version×
—The disciples preach and teach on the Sabbath.

Colossians 2:16 Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches not to let others condemn us for keeping the Sabbath

Hebrews 4:9 Hebrews 4:9There remains therefore a rest to the people of God.
American King James Version×
—The Sabbath remains as a rest for God’s people.

The Fifth Commandment: Honor your father and your mother

Matthew 15:4 Matthew 15:4For God commanded, saying, Honor your father and mother: and, He that curses father or mother, let him die the death.
American King James Version×
, Matthew 19:19 Matthew 19:19Honor your father and your mother: and, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches this commandment directly.

Ephesians 6:1-2 Ephesians 6:1-2 1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. 2 Honor your father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise;
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches this commandment directly.

Colossians 3:20 Colossians 3:20 Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is well pleasing to the Lord.
American King James Version×
—Paul says it pleases God for children to obey their parents.

2 Timothy 3:2 2 Timothy 3:2For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
American King James Version×
—Paul warns that during the end time, children will be disobedient to parents.

The Sixth Commandment: You shall not murder

Matthew 19:18 Matthew 19:18He said to him, Which? Jesus said, You shall do no murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches this commandment directly.

Romans 13:9 Romans 13:9For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, You shall not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches this commandment directly.

Matthew 5:21-22 Matthew 5:21-22 21 You have heard that it was said of them of old time, You shall not kill; and whoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: 22 But I say to you, That whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whoever shall say, You fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
American King James Version×
—Jesus expounds on this commandment to include hate and anger.

Acts 22:16-20 Acts 22:16-20 16 And now why tarry you? arise, and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord. 17 And it came to pass, that, when I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance; 18 And saw him saying to me, Make haste, and get you quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive your testimony concerning me. 19 And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on you: 20 And when the blood of your martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting to his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.
American King James Version×
—Paul recounts his repentance of sins, including aiding in the murder of Stephen.

1 John 3:15 1 John 3:15Whoever hates his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.
American King James Version×
—John teaches that murderers will not inherit eternal life.

Revelation 21:8 Revelation 21:8But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
American King James Version×
—Murderers will be put to eternal death.

The Seventh Commandment: You shall not commit adultery

Matthew 19:18 Matthew 19:18He said to him, Which? Jesus said, You shall do no murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches this commandment directly.

Romans 13:9 Romans 13:9For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, You shall not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches this commandment directly.

Matthew 19:8-9 Matthew 19:8-9 8 He said to them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so. 9 And I say to you, Whoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, commits adultery: and whoever marries her which is put away does commit adultery.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches against adultery and divorce for the wrong reason.

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 9 Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches that adulterers will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

Revelation 21:8 Revelation 21:8But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
American King James Version×
—Adulterers will be put to eternal death.

The Eighth Commandment: You shall not steal

Matthew 19:18 Matthew 19:18He said to him, Which? Jesus said, You shall do no murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches this commandment directly.

Romans 13:9 Romans 13:9For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, You shall not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches this commandment directly.

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 9 Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches that thieves will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

Ephesians 4:28 Ephesians 4:28Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needs.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches that those who were once thieves should steal no more.

The 9th Commandment: You shall not bear false witness (lie)

Matthew 19:18 Matthew 19:18He said to him, Which? Jesus said, You shall do no murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches this commandment directly.

Acts 5:1-10 Acts 5:1-10 1 But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, 2 And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles’ feet. 3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? 4 Whiles it remained, was it not your own? and after it was sold, was it not in your own power? why have you conceived this thing in your heart? you have not lied to men, but to God. 5 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things. 6 And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him. 7 And it was about the space of three hours after, when his wife, not knowing what was done, came in. 8 And Peter answered to her, Tell me whether you sold the land for so much? And she said, Yes, for so much. 9 Then Peter said to her, How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried your husband are at the door, and shall carry you out. 10 Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost: and the young men came in, and found her dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her husband.
American King James Version×
—Ananias and Sapphira die because they lied to God.

Revelation 21:8 Revelation 21:8But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
American King James Version×
—Unrepentant liars will be put to eternal death.

The Ten th Commandment: You shall not covet

Romans 13:9 Romans 13:9For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, You shall not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches this commandment directly.

Matthew 6:19-21 Matthew 6:19-21 19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust does corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: 20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust does corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: 21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches not to put hope in physical things.

Luke 12:15 Luke 12:15And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man’s life consists not in the abundance of the things which he possesses.
American King James Version×
—Jesus teaches to be on guard against greed/covetousness.

Ephesians 5:3-5 Ephesians 5:3-5 3 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becomes saints; 4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. 5 For this you know, that no fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
American King James Version×
—Paul teaches that greedy/covetous people will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

James 4:1-3 James 4:1-3 1 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members? 2 You lust, and have not: you kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: you fight and war, yet you have not, because you ask not. 3 You ask, and receive not, because you ask amiss, that you may consume it on your lusts.
American King James Version×
—James teaches that coveting leads to fights and wars.

The Ten Commandments summarized

As we can see, the New Testament is filled with instruction to keep the Ten Commandments. In addition, we see several instances where the Ten Commandments are summarized or taught in a general sort of way:

Matthew 22:37-40 Matthew 22:37-40 37 Jesus said to him, You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like to it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
American King James Version×
—Jesus summarizes the Ten Commandments into two great commands.

John 14:15 John 14:15If you love me, keep my commandments.
American King James Version×
—Christ teaches that if we love Him, we will obey His commands

1 Corinthians 7:19 1 Corinthians 7:19Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.
American King James Version×
—Paul says keeping the commandments matter.

Romans 7:7 Romans 7:7What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. No, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, You shall not covet.
American King James Version×
—Paul reminds us that it is through the law that we know what sin is.

Romans 7:12 Romans 7:12Why the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.
American King James Version×
—Paul calls the commandments “holy, just and good.”

1 John 5:3 1 John 5:3For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.
American King James Version×
—John tells us that the children of God keep His commands, and that they are not burdensome.

Revelation 14:12 Revelation 14:12Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
American King James Version×
—The saints are commended for keeping the commandments of God.

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