No, drinking alcoholic beverages is not in itself a sin. The Bible teaches that it’s the misuse of alcohol that is a sin (Romans 13:13 Romans 13:13Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
American King James Version×; Galatians 5:21 Galatians 5:21Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
American King James Version×; 1 Peter 4:3 1 Peter 4:3For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revelings, parties, and abominable idolatries:
American King James Version×). Abuse of alcohol causes untold harm to the abuser, his or her family and society. And drunkenness can keep a person out of the Kingdom of God (Galatians 5:21 Galatians 5:21Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
American King James Version×).
However, the Bible teaches that there is a moderate use of wine. One of the most telling scriptures on the subject is Judges 9:13 Judges 9:13And the vine said to them, Should I leave my wine, which cheers God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?
American King James Version×, which says that wine “cheers both God and men.” Psalm 104 presents alcohol use in a positive light: “And wine that makes glad the heart of man” (verse 15). It’s also noteworthy that Christ’s first public miracle was turning water into a fine quality wine (John 2).
Christ instructed Christians to take wine as part of the Passover service (1 Corinthians 11:25-26 1 Corinthians 11:25-26 25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do you, as oft as you drink it, in remembrance of me.
26 For as often as you eat this bread, and drink this cup, you do show the Lord’s death till he come.
American King James Version×). In the context of this instruction, Paul corrected some of the Corinthian Church for getting drunk at the Passover (1 Corinthians 11:21 1 Corinthians 11:21For in eating every one takes before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.
American King James Version×). Clearly, they were using fermented wine in the observance of the Passover, or it would not have been possible for them to become inebriated.
Of course, people with an inherent proclivity toward alcoholism should not use alcohol, even in moderation. Those under the legal drinking age should obey the law, and no one should feel compelled to drink on social occasions. But most people can learn to avoid the abuses so prevalent in society today and can properly use alcoholic beverages in moderation if they desire.