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Abigail: A Fool's Wife

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Abigail

A Fool's Wife

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It was a beautiful spring day, and Abigail was busily overseeing food preparations for feeding the workers during the annual sheep-shearing festival. Being an industrious woman of integrity, she was able to take on many responsibilities. She was compassionate, kind, understanding and wise. But she was married to a very selfish man, Nabal. As a result, her marriage was very stressful. You may ask, “How would this young wife work out this challenging situation?” Read on for the true story!

In ancient Israel, women often married shortly after going through puberty. Abigail was most likely a young woman; perhaps she was in her teens to 30 years of age. Marriages were often arranged by parents, and daughters had little say in who their parents selected for them to marry. Parents would have looked for someone who could provide a home for their daughters and someone who could provide a mohar, or dowry, the price paid by the groom’s parents to the bride’s parents.

On the day of the annual sheep-shearing festival, King David sent 10 of his men to visit Nabal. David’s men greeted Nabal with courtesy and respect and reminded him of the protection that they had provided the shepherds throughout the year. They came on a day of cheerfulness and plenty and asked if Nabal would kindly compensate them for their deeds.

Unfortunately, Nabal lived up to what his name means, “fool,” and refused to listen to David’s young men. He acted in an ill-humored and dishonest manner. Nabal’s servant, who witnessed this exchange, feared for the safety of Abigail and the entire household, for he knew that evil was determined upon them by David. He ran to Abigail to inform her of Nabal’s rude behavior.

Meet Abigail

Abigail was a woman of high character. She had gained the respect of her servants by respecting them. Without this respect, Nabal’s servant surely would have been fearful to address her. Abigail immediately grasped the situation and prepared a great amount of food to be taken to David (1 Samuel 25:18 1 Samuel 25:18Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
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). She showed bravery, wisdom and foresight by her generosity in providing provisions for David. By being liberal, she hoped to appease David for the disrespectful attitude of her husband and preserve her husband and household from destruction.

After sending her servant, loaded down with food supplies, back to David’s camp, Abigail followed and met King David face to face. Abigail continued to show grace and humility. She immediately apologized for her insensitive and rude-behaving husband. With respect and submission, she humbly begged forgiveness and took responsibility for Nabal’s immature and selfish acts. Only a sincere and strong person would willingly suffer for the faults of another (1 Samuel 25:28 1 Samuel 25:28I pray you, forgive the trespass of your handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fights the battles of the LORD, and evil has not been found in you all your days.
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).

Though she had opportunity to be belittling and bitter about her husband, she responded with words and actions to promote harmony. Her respectful attitude toward her husband promoted peace toward David. She gently reminded David that God is in charge of his life, and it would be foolish to avenge himself for the actions of a fool. God would deal with Nabal when He pleased (1 Samuel 25:31 1 Samuel 25:31That this shall be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood causeless, or that my lord has avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember your handmaid.
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).

After returning home, Abigail had to inform Nabal about what she had done. Openness and honesty are essential qualities in a marriage. So is knowing when and how to address a situation. Nabal was merry with feasting and very drunk. Therefore, Abigail chose to keep silent until the morning. After Abigail told him all that had transpired, how David was intent on killing Nabal and how she went to David to pacify him, Nabal was struck down by a heart attack or a stroke. God dealt with Nabal’s arrogance and rudeness by a sudden illness, and 10 days later he died (1 Samuel 25:37 1 Samuel 25:37But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone.
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).

Abigail’s qualities

After David heard of Nabal’s death, he asked Abigail to be his wife. David realized the innate qualities that Abigail possessed. She was a woman of character and honor, and she exemplified true godly submission. She knew what God desired in a woman and a wife, and she fulfilled this role even in trying circumstances. We could say that she was a “Proverbs 31” woman.

Abigail fulfilled the role of the virtuous woman by working diligently (Proverbs 31:13 Proverbs 31:13She seeks wool, and flax, and works willingly with her hands.
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), taking care of her household (verse 27), giving to the poor (Proverbs 31:20 Proverbs 31:20She stretches out her hand to the poor; yes, she reaches forth her hands to the needy.
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), being honorable, (verse 25), being kind (verse 26), and (probably the most difficult of all) she was good to her husband all of his days (verse 12), even though he was a difficult man.

Abigail was respectful and submissive to her husband as God ordained that women should be (Genesis 2:18 Genesis 2:18And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
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; 3:16). This means that they worked together, but Abigail was under Nabal’s leadership. In the case of Nabal, he was a poor leader, so Abigail exercised her knowledge of God and His Word and responded to Nabal and others in a godly way. She did not rule over her husband, but she was not a doormat either, since this does not glorify God. God expects women to fulfill their role in a godly manner even if the circumstances are difficult, while all the time seeking God’s blessing for a better life.

We are also told that Abigail was a beautiful person. We can see that she was beautiful on the inside by how she lived her life, but the scriptures also say that she was a physically beautiful person as well (1 Samuel 25:3 1 Samuel 25:3Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
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). There is nothing wrong with physical beauty when it is accompanied by discretion (Proverbs 11:22 Proverbs 11:22As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, so is a fair woman which is without discretion.
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).

What you can do

It is important to look at the character of a man before entering into marriage. Is he kind, helpful, generous, hard-working and patient? Does he treat you now with respect and kindness? God expects husbands to love their wives to the same degree Jesus loved His Church (Ephesians 5:25 Ephesians 5:25Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
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). It is important to observe how a potential mate responds to different situations prior to marriage.

Do you as a godly young woman wonder about your future? Do you wonder who will be your husband? Now is the time to prepare yourself to have character like Abigail. Study the Bible to learn how to be a godly woman. Pray that God would prepare you to be a godly wife, and that He would prepare your future husband, whoever He has planned for you. Marrying someone living God’s way of life is important as well.

Abigail was just like you. She had dreams for a happy and loving marriage. Yet she found herself in a marriage to a foolish, immature man. She trusted in God, and He blessed her in the end with a marriage to King David. Do not rush into marriage and find yourself in circumstances similar to Abigail’s. Seek God and prepare now to be a godly wife, and ask God to provide you with a loving husband living God’s way of life at the right time.