The messages to the seven churches of Revelation 2 and 3 offer an interesting collection of names for Jesus Christ. Each message begins with an explanation of who the message is from and in each case different terminology is used. Their commonality is that they all refer to Jesus Christ.
In Revelation 2:1 Revelation 2:1To the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things said he that holds the seven stars in his right hand, who walks in the middle of the seven golden candlesticks;
American King James Version×to Ephesus, Jesus describes Himself as “He who holds the seven stars in His right hand, who walks in the midst of the seven golden lampstands.” This is a reference back to the Revelation 1:10-20 Revelation 1:10-20 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, 11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What you see, write in a book, and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia; to Ephesus, and to Smyrna, and to Pergamos, and to Thyatira, and to Sardis, and to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea. 12 And I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; 13 And in the middle of the seven candlesticks one like to the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the breasts with a golden girdle. 14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; 15 And his feet like to fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. 16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp two edged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shines in his strength. 17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand on me, saying to me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: 18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. 19 Write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter; 20 The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which you saw are the seven churches.
American King James Version×where Jesus, the Son of Man, reveals Himself to John in His glorified state.
In Revelation 2:8 Revelation 2:8And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things said the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
American King James Version×to Smyrna, Jesus describes Himself as “the First and the Last, who was dead, and came to life.” These descriptions refer to His death and resurrection. For additional scriptures on these events see Revelation 1:18 Revelation 1:18I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
American King James Version×; Ephesians 1:19-20 Ephesians 1:19-20 19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, 20 Which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
American King James Version×; 4:8-10; Colossians 1:18 Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.
American King James Version×, 21-22; 2:12.
In Revelation 2:12 Revelation 2:12And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things said he which has the sharp sword with two edges;
American King James Version×to Pergamos, Jesus reminds us that He “has the sharp two-edged sword.” This description mirrors His initial revelation to John in Revelation 1:16 Revelation 1:16And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp two edged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shines in his strength.
American King James Version×. Ephesians 6:17 Ephesians 6:17And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
American King James Version×and Hebrews 4:12 Hebrews 4:12For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
American King James Version×liken the Word of God to a sword. Revelation 19:15 Revelation 19:15And out of his mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treads the wine press of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
American King James Version×and 21 describe how Christ will use His sword-God’s Word will be the basis for judgment and destruction of those who disobey God’s law. Revelation 19:13 Revelation 19:13And he was clothed with a clothing dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
American King James Version×reveals another closely associated name for Jesus: “The Word of God.”
In Revelation 2:18 Revelation 2:18And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things said the Son of God, who has his eyes like to a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;
American King James Version×to Thyatira, Christ describes Himself as “the Son of God, who has eyes like a flame of fire, and His feet like fine brass.” Here is another reference back to His initial description in Revelation 1:14-15 Revelation 1:14-15 14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; 15 And his feet like to fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.
American King James Version×, but now He adds that He is “the Son of God.” Revelation 19:12 Revelation 19:12His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.
American King James Version×gives a similar description of His eyes and adds that there is still another name for Jesus to be disclosed at His return.
In Revelation 3:1 Revelation 3:1And to the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things said he that has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know your works, that you have a name that you live, and are dead.
American King James Version×to Sardis, Jesus says He “has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars.” Once again, this refers back to Revelation 1:20 Revelation 1:20The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which you saw are the seven churches.
American King James Version×which says, “The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches.” This reminds us that Jesus is the head of the Church (Ephesians 1:22 Ephesians 1:22And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
American King James Version×; 5:23; Colossians 1:18 Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.
American King James Version×) and that He controls the angels that represent each Church.
Revelation 3:7 Revelation 3:7And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things said he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key of David, he that opens, and no man shuts; and shuts, and no man opens;
American King James Version×records Jesus’ description of Himself to Philadelphia: “He who is holy, He who is true, He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens.” This not only represents Jesus’ absolute power and control of events, it also reveals that He is part of David’s ancestry. Jesus is called “the Son of David” numerous times throughout the Bible. As a partial list, see Matthew 1:1 Matthew 1:1The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
American King James Version×; 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 20:30; 21:9, 15; 22:42. In Revelation 5:5 Revelation 5:5And one of the elders said to me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
American King James Version×He is described as the “Root of David” and in Revelation 22:16 Revelation 22:16I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.
American King James Version×as “the Offspring of David.”
In Revelation 3:14 Revelation 3:14And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things said the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;
American King James Version×to Laodicea, Jesus is called “the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God.” This passage tells us that Jesus has faithfully carried out His Father’s business (Luke 2:49 Luke 2:49And he said to them, How is it that you sought me? knew you not that I must be about my Father’s business?
American King James Version×). Jesus did the will of His Father in submitting to His crucifixion (Matthew 26:39 Matthew 26:39And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as you will.
American King James Version×, 42; John 5:30 John 5:30I can of my own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father which has sent me.
American King James Version×). We must also do the Father’s will if we want to be in the Kingdom of God (Matthew 7:21 Matthew 7:21Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that does the will of my Father which is in heaven.
American King James Version×). Because Jesus was the Creator and the first to be resurrected (Colossians 1:15 Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
American King James Version×, 18), He is called “the Beginning of the creation of God.” He is the firstborn of “many brethren” (Romans 8:29 Romans 8:29For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
American King James Version×) and His Church is called the “church of the firstborn” (Hebrews 12:23 Hebrews 12:23To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
American King James Version×). UN