Beyond Today

Help for Today, Hope for Tomorrow | Learn more...

You are here

Who Killed Jesus?

Login or Create an Account

With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later!

Sign In | Sign Up

×

“He was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all” (Isaiah 53:5-6 Isaiah 53:5-6 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
American King James Version×
, NIV).

The death of Jesus Christ is the most famous in history. The state-sanctioned murder that took place almost 2,000 years ago is still in today’s news. No other crime against the innocent has remained so widespread in the consciousness of humanity for so long. This one lives on as a story that is told again and again.

The injustice of the arrest, trial and death of Jesus Christ is profound in that no person was ever so innocent, so sinless, so blameless, so undeserving of such punishment. Peter testifies that He “committed no sin, nor was deceit found in His mouth” (1 Peter 2:22 1 Peter 2:22Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
American King James Version×
). He was the most virtuous man who ever lived.

Jesus challenged His enemies, “Which of you convicts Me of sin?” (John 8:46 John 8:46Which of you convinces me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do you not believe me?
American King James Version×
). The centurion, the officer in charge of His execution, was convinced that He had executed a righteous man (Luke 23:47 Luke 23:47Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.
American King James Version×
). One of the thieves crucified with Him understood that Jesus had done nothing wrong and didn’t deserve to die (Luke 23:41 Luke 23:41And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man has done nothing amiss.
American King James Version×
).

Pilate, the governor who issued the final command for the execution to proceed, proclaimed twice to the Jews that he found no fault in Jesus (John 18:38 John 18:38Pilate said to him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, I find in him no fault at all.
American King James Version×
; John 19:4 John 19:4Pilate therefore went forth again, and said to them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that you may know that I find no fault in him.
American King James Version×
). Yet the deed was carried out, in all its horror and intensity, not sparing this innocent Man.

He did nothing to deserve the horrendous death imposed on Him, for He was “holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners” (Hebrews 7:26 Hebrews 7:26For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
American King James Version×
). He was, after all, the Son of God, as the centurion recognized (Mark 15:39 Mark 15:39And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.
American King James Version×
). This was not the injustice of the century, or the millennium, but the injustice of the history of the human race.

Justification for genocide

The story of Jesus’ murder is dramatic enough in itself. But attempts to fix the blame for His death have led to horrible acts of spiritual depravity. The Jewish people have usually borne the brunt of the blame. Their implication in the death of Christ has resulted in an unchristian persecution of the Jewish people down through the centuries. “Christ-killers!” was the epithet hurled at them, and the last words many a Jew heard just before his own brutal murder.

The Nazis cited this for the genocide of 6 million Jews just over half a century ago during World War II. With no real respect for the teachings of Christ, Hitler and his followers declared that the Jewish race was solely and collectively responsible for killing the Son of God. This poisonous doctrine brainwashed the führer’s followers into believing the Jews themselves should be exterminated for murdering the Savior of mankind.

The idea of unique and total Jewish responsibility for Christ’s death is not supported by the Bible. But, sadly, this concept did not originate with the Nazis. For almost 2,000 years mainstream Christianity, Catholic and Protestant, took this same position—often using lethal brutality.

The plot to murder Jesus

Blaming others can be—and often is—nothing more than an attempt to absolve oneself of guilt. The question that should’ve been asked long ago—and should continue to be asked today—is, who really caused the death of Jesus Christ?

Jesus made many enemies. He upset the status quo, the powerful, the well-positioned people of the day. Many had reason to want Him out of the way. It wasn’t the general public who wanted Jesus dead, but the civil leaders, chief priests, the scribes and Pharisees were the ones identified again and again as those determined to put Jesus to death.

But the main instigators were able to manipulate the public to help convince Pilate to carry out the death sentence (Mark 15:11 Mark 15:11But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas to them.
American King James Version×
).

The ones to whom Jesus spoke, among whom He had taught and performed miracles—the same ones who only a few days before were lining the streets welcoming Him into Jerusalem as the prophesied Messiah, the Son of David (Matthew 21:9 Matthew 21:9And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
American King James Version×
)—had become disillusioned and even called for His death.

The Romans were also guilty in the death of this innocent Man. Pilate sentenced Him, knowing He was innocent of the charges brought against Him. The Romans carried out the sentence in typical fashion—a brutal beating, scourging and crucifixion. It was a Roman who drove the nails into His wrists and feet. It was a Roman spear thrust into His side.

Who bears the blame?

Several weeks later, Peter was quick to say who was implicated in the death of Jesus: “For truly against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together” (Acts 4:27 Acts 4:27For of a truth against your holy child Jesus, whom you have anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together,
American King James Version×
). It doesn’t seem that many people were left out.

It’s easy to assign blame for Jesus’ death to a small group of people—the religious hypocrites and civil leaders who wanted to retain their positions seem to be implicated the most. It’s also easy to lay the guilt of this murder on a whole race of people. And it’s also true that we can implicate the ruling Roman state. But it’s not as simple as that.

It’s safe to say that if Jesus would have come to any society and culture and exposed it for its failings, its hypocrisy, He would not have been accepted. If Jesus had exposed any society that was equally far from its ideals, they too would have killed Him.

This is the horrible truth we all want to avoid. What the original followers of Jesus are telling us is that no one is innocent of this crime. We all were complicit in the death of Christ. Paul was convinced of his personal guilt: “Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst” (1 Timothy 1:15 1 Timothy 1:15This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.
American King James Version×
, NIV).

A world unknowing, unaware

Paul, the former Pharisee, says of himself, “Even though I was once a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent man, I was shown mercy because I acted in ignorance and unbelief” (1 Timothy 1:13 1 Timothy 1:13Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
American King James Version×
, NIV). That’s the problem. We were ignorant of all this. Paul tells us that “at the appointed time, Christ died for the wicked” (Romans 5:6 Romans 5:6For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
American King James Version×
, REB). The world just doesn’t know what it is doing!

But God does, and one day we will all know too. It was His purpose from the beginning. Jesus came into this world knowing He would be killed (John 12:27 John 12:27Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I to this hour.
American King James Version×
). Jesus inspired the Old Testament prophets to not only foretell His death, but to describe it in graphic detail. The sacrificial system given to Israel prefigured the perfect offering that was to come.

Jesus foretold His death and suffering to His disciples on several occasions, but for the most part they refused to accept what He said. It was far more comfortable to believe that He would establish His Kingdom then and there, and all their worries would be over.

Paul speaks of “the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages…which none of the rulers of this age knew; for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory” (1 Corinthians 2:7-8 1 Corinthians 2:7-8 7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world to our glory: 8 Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
American King James Version×
).

In Acts 3:17 Acts 3:17And now, brothers, I know that through ignorance you did it, as did also your rulers.
American King James Version×
Peter says, “Yet now, brethren, I know that you did it in ignorance, as did also your rulers.” He adds, “But those things which God foretold by the mouth of all His prophets, that the Christ would suffer, He has thus fulfilled” (Acts 3:18 Acts 3:18But those things, which God before had showed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he has so fulfilled.
American King James Version×
).

Don’t remain in ignorance

But God doesn’t want us to remain ignorant. The crime was so unthinkable, so unequaled, that the story just keeps coming back and we can’t get rid of it.

Yes, the Jewish leaders initiated the deed, and the Romans carried it out. But because each of us has sinned, He died for every single one of us. There’s nothing complicated about that. That’s what He wants us to see. If we had not sinned, if I had not sinned, He wouldn’t have had to die. If we weren’t so hardened, His suffering and death wouldn’t have had to be so horrendous. None of us are innocent of this crime. This is what Peter and Paul and John are trying to tell us.

We read the account of the jealousy and hatred toward Christ and we may silently say to ourselves, “I wouldn’t have done that if I were there.” We’re wrong on two counts.

Is there really a difference in the way we express jealousy, envy, greed, anger and hatred toward others and what those people did to Jesus? Jesus makes the point Himself: “Inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these…you did it to Me” (Matthew 25:40-45 Matthew 25:40-45 40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of the least of these my brothers, you have done it to me. 41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: 42 For I was an hungered, and you gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and you gave me no drink: 43 I was a stranger, and you took me not in: naked, and you clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and you visited me not. 44 Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we you an hungered, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to you? 45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you did it not to one of the least of these, you did it not to me.
American King James Version×
).

Sin is sin; it doesn’t matter who the victim is. And if He had not taken our place in death, that’s the penalty we would be staring at. So where does any one of us get off blaming someone else for Christ’s death, when all of us had our part in it too?

Secondly, would we really have done any better had we been there?

Judas, His ardent disciple at the beginning, betrayed Him for a sum of money. Peter, His most outspoken supporter, denied he even knew Jesus when Jesus was on trial. The other disciples, all of whom asserted their loyalty to the death (Matthew 26:35 Matthew 26:35Peter said to him, Though I should die with you, yet will I not deny you. Likewise also said all the disciples.
American King James Version×
), vanished into the night after He was arrested.

No one provided a defense for Jesus at His trial. No one supported Him; no one stood by Him. Pilate knew He was innocent, but to maintain some favor in the eyes of others—at such a devastatingly high cost—he agreed to condemn an innocent Man to a hideous death. The religious leaders of the day simply couldn’t allow someone to come along and mess things up for them. And the people, in the end, became just a part of the crowd.

God’s will and our guilt

Let’s ask the question again: Who was it that killed Christ? All of us, because of our sins, are guilty. And yet we are not wholly responsible for Jesus’ death in an ultimate sense—for our redemption from sin and its penalties through the suffering and death of Christ was according to the will of God the Father and Christ Himself.

God, we must remember, “gave His only begotten Son” (John 3:16 John 3:16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
American King James Version×
). Isaiah 53:10 Isaiah 53:10Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
American King James Version×
tells us, “The LORD decided his servant would suffer as a sacrifice to take away the sin and guilt of others” (Contemporary English Version). Jesus Himself said: “I lay down My life …No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself…This command I have received from My Father” (John 10:17-18 John 10:17-18 17 Therefore does my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. 18 No man takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
American King James Version×
). By this He meant that no one accomplished His killing of and by themselves—without His and His Father’s willingness and orchestration of events for His sacrificial death to occur. Indeed, this was God’s plan from the beginning.

Of course, this fact does not excuse man’s role in Christ’s death. The act of killing Christ was a sin though it was foreordained. And, again, it was the sins of all of us that necessitated Christ’s sacrifice.

Does God wants us to feel racked with guilt over Christ’s death? Initially we certainly should feel guilt to make us sorry for what we’ve done and motivate us to cry out to God for forgiveness and help to change. But then our focus should be one of thankfulness for God’s great mercy. Through the same plan that called for Jesus’ death, we are forgiven and relieved of guilt for our part in His death upon repentance. Let us all, then, repent and accept God’s forgiveness through Christ.

You might also be interested in...

What is the real story of Jesus Christ?
One of the greatest proofs that Jesus is exactly who He said He was-the Son of...