We live in a time-compressed world. Technology is supposed to make our lives easier and create more leisure time. People purchase microwaves, home computers and riding lawn mowers to gain more control over their lives. Then, of course, they have to work overtime to pay for the time-saving gadgets.
We rush to work, rush through meals and rush through conversations so we can hurry to a child’s school event. We then tear off to a health club to ride a stationary bike. On weekends many people rush through church services so they can hustle home and spend a few hours “relaxing” in front of the television only to feel vaguely bored and restless.
Well-known marriage and family therapist H. Norman Wright has written more than 60 books on family and related subjects. He calls the results of our fast-paced lifestyles “the hurry sickness.”
“It’s a response that begins to make our internal clocks run faster…and faster… and faster. As with any illness, specific symptoms reflect the presence of the illness. In the case of hurry sickness, the symptoms are heart disease, elevated blood pressure, or a depression of the immune system that make you more susceptible to infections and cancer. These conditions are brought on when we exist in a state of stress, pressure, or constant rushing. Even tension headaches, and ulcers are tied to hurry sickness” (Simplify Your Life, 1998, p. 39).
The result of always running full tilt is that sooner or later the days, weeks and months become a blur of activities with no purpose or sense of accomplishment. Many people have forgotten why they’re running so fast and don’t know how to get off the merry-go-round.
Time stress affects health, peace of mind and relationships. We never seem to get everything done. Organized day care was supposed to give women more time to pursue fulfilling careers. Instead, many mothers experience guilt for leaving their children and then not being able to spend quality time with them due to exhaustion.
Children aren’t escaping time pressures either. Preteens hurry through childhood driven by demands to grow up too quickly. All too many children and teens are exhibiting symptoms of emotional and mental breakdowns attributed to stress.
Has all the activity created a better life for you and your family? Or are you like so many people who are rushing themselves into high blood pressure, chronic tiredness, emotional burnout and spiritual bankruptcy? Maybe it’s time to take a few minutes and take stock of how you spend your time.
The forgotten blessing
How often have you wished you had more time for the important aspects of your life, like family and self-reflection? Bookstore shelves are bulging with material on how to organize your life, but many of these sources are missing an important aspect of time management.
There’s a lot of talk in the United States about posting the Ten Commandments in schools and government buildings. Few would argue against adhering to the instructions forbidding murder or stealing. Keeping these laws surely would bring a blessing to everyone. But in the debate one commandment is almost completely forgotten. In fact, its relevance is often debated even among those who promote keeping the Ten Commandments.
This makes the biblical introduction to the Fourth Commandment all the more potent: “Remember the Sabbath day…” It’s as if this commandment is the easiest for humans to trivialize.
The need for rest
God’s Fourth Commandment states: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God…” (Exodus 20:8-10 Exodus 20:8-10 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days shall you labor, and do all your work:
10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates:
American King James Version×). Physical, emotional and spiritual rest are human needs. To ignore these needs is to sow the seeds of anxiety, unrest, illness, depression and lethargy.
Imagine a day devoted to rest—no business calls, no painting the house, no lawn chores to take care of. Imagine a day with extra time to share with your family without the deadlines and pressing appointments of the rest of the week. Even entertainment such as action-packed television shows with intense sound tracks can leave our bodies and minds exhausted. Imagine a day when you can shut out the noise, the violence, the preoccupation with making money—and experience peace.
Jesus says, “Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” A little later in the same account He explains, “For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath” (Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:28Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
American King James Version×; 12:8). The Sabbath is a time to experience rest for body and mind and renew our relationship with the Son of God.
For some it may be daunting to think of spiritual rest dedicated to reflection on our need for God and to thinking about what is really important in life. Sometimes it’s easier to fill each waking moment with career, house, car or entertainment than to deal with our inner nature. Easier, that is, until the results in broken relationships, emotional breakdown and spiritual emptiness take their toll.
A day of renewal
The Sabbath isn’t intended to be a day of total idleness. God told the ancient Israelites that the Sabbath was a “solemn rest, a holy convocation” (Leviticus 23:3 Leviticus 23:3Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; you shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
American King James Version×). It’s a time for, among other things, gathering with other Christians to worship God.
It’s regrettable that in our hectic society even church services often have become a matter of convenience instead of a vital element of living. Some churches now broadcast worship services on short-range radio so people can sit in their cars in the parking lot dressed for golf or other activities. Then, as soon as listeners hear the last amen, they can rush to the next pursuit.
God, through the prophet Isaiah, reminded Israel of the Sabbath’s original intent: “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on My holy day, and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy day of the LORD honorable, and shall honor Him, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words, then you shall delight yourself in the LORD” (Isaiah 58:13-14 Isaiah 58:13-14 13 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honorable; and shall honor him, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words: 14 Then shall you delight yourself in the LORD; and I will cause you to ride on the high places of the earth, and feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father: for the mouth of the LORD has spoken it.
American King James Version×).
The biblical Sabbath isn’t about a ritualistic obligation to participate in a once-a-week hour of worship. Instead it reveals a day dedicated to revitalizing our relationship with God in both private and communal worship. It’s also important to understand that God didn’t design the Sabbath to be a day of puritanical restrictions. The Sabbath is to be a time of physical, emotional and spiritual renewal. The Creator says we should recognize this day for what He intended it to be—a delight!
Jesus was questioned about healing a man on the Sabbath. He answered: “What man is there among you who has one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it, and lift it out? Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath” (Matthew 12:11-12 Matthew 12:11-12 11 And he said to them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? 12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Why it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
American King James Version×). We can help renew the life of another person by visiting the sick or elderly on the Sabbath. Giving time to others takes our thoughts off our own problems and brings rest to troubled minds. Such actions truly are putting God’s way of life into action (James 1:27 James 1:27Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.
American King James Version×).
Observing the Sabbath sets the tone for the coming week. With rested minds and bodies, and a renewed relationship with God and Christ, a person is energized to reflect Christ in the following six days.
The weekly plan
Some time management gurus of several years ago promoted micromanaging each hour of every day in order to increase efficiency. Adopting this management style has also driven many people to a nervous breakdown.
A more common approach to time management today is to organize blocks of time dedicated to specific purposes and goals. This method uses the week as the natural framework of time management.
This is the framework used by God when He told mankind, “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God.” By planning our time in a weekly structure, we can get control of the nonstop whirlwind and begin to balance our activities. Time can be scheduled throughout the week for work, family meals, exercise, household chores, personal Bible study and recreation.
The weekly schedule also gives us a goal at its completion. Biblical days begin and end at sundown, so no matter how hectic the week, the goal of Friday sundown—the beginning of the Sabbath—awaits with its promise of physical, emotional and spiritual renewal. As the Sabbath approaches, it is time to forget the work problems and mortgage payments. It’s time to shut out the noise of the daily pressure cooker.
At the creation of the Sabbath “God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made” (Genesis 2:3 Genesis 2:3And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
American King James Version×). God set aside the seventh day as holy time. Jesus declares, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27 Mark 2:27And he said to them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
American King James Version×). The Sabbath was created as a blessing from God to all humanity!
Preparing for the Sabbath
God freed ancient Israel from slavery in Egypt. As they traveled to Mt. Sinai, where they would receive the Ten Commandments, the descendants of Jacob’s 12 sons faced a food shortage in the barren wilderness. Through Moses, God told them that He would miraculously supply their daily needs. The Israelites would call the edible and nutritious substance they found every morning manna.
They were also instructed to gather extra manna on the sixth day so that they wouldn’t have to work on the Sabbath. Human nature being what it is, some people went out on the seventh day to gather manna, but it wasn’t there.
God responded: “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws? See! For the LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days” (Exodus 16:28-29 Exodus 16:28-29 28 And the LORD said to Moses, How long refuse you to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See, for that the LORD has given you the sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide you every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.
American King James Version×). Here God teaches the important concept of preparing for the Sabbath.
It’s easy to spend the day before the Sabbath in frantic overload only to collapse as the sun sets. The day before the Sabbath should be a day of physical and mental preparation for the Sabbath. Begin planning early how to make the Sabbath special. Sabbath evening is a great time for a family dinner with favorite recipes and the china usually reserved for guests. This is a perfect occasion to invite a widow or family to share your Sabbath meal. Be creative in selecting Bible games and crafts for younger children to help them experience God’s love.
It is also important to prepare ourselves emotionally for the Sabbath. As you come home from work at the end of the week, take a little time for prayer. Ask God to relieve you of your burdens and help you experience the holy time He created for our renewal.
The Sabbath as a memorial
In addition to the practical blessings of Sabbath-keeping, there are important lessons God teaches us through observing the seventh day as holy time.
The Fourth Commandment in its entirety reads: “Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.
“For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it” (Exodus 20:8-11 Exodus 20:8-11 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shall you labor, and do all your work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates: 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: why the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
American King James Version×). The Sabbath stands as a weekly testimonial to God as Creator.
Some will ask, “But wasn’t the Sabbath given only to the Jews?” The Fourth Commandment states that God hallowed the Sabbath at the beginning of creation before there was a distinction between Israelite and gentile. Jesus didn’t claim that the Sabbath was made only for Jews, but that it was “made for man.”
When Jesus declared Himself the “Lord of the Sabbath,” He showed that the Sabbath is a day to focus on what God is doing through His Son. Humanity turned its back on its Creator. The result is sin—the breaking of God’s laws and disregard for His will—which causes death. Humanity’s only hope is redemption.
Redemption is God setting us free from the enslavement of sin and death. Since we human beings can’t save ourselves from death, God sent His Son to die for us, to take upon Himself the penalty of our sins and make eternal life possible. The Sabbath stands as a memorial to the redemptive work God is doing through the Lord of the Sabbath.
Have you been missing out on this special gift from God? Is your life so hectic that you don’t have time to experience spiritual rest with Jesus Christ? Instead of cramming every day with exhausting activity, it’s time to start enjoying the day God set aside for you to rest and renew your relationship with Him. It’s time to begin celebrating the Sabbath!
Why did God consider it so important to keep the Sabbath day holy that He included it as one of the Ten Commandments? What’s behind this crucial command? This article has touched on some of the biblical background for the Sabbath day, but there’s much more. You can discover more about this command—God’s gift to us—in Sunset to Sunset—God’s Sabbath Rest. For your free copy, just click on the link here!