Saul to Paul

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Saul to Paul

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The book of Acts introduces us to Saul at the stoning of Stephen in Acts 7:58 Acts 7:58And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man’s feet, whose name was Saul.
American King James Version×
. Saul is described as a specially appointed leader for the purpose of rooting out the new religion that was based on Jesus Christ (Acts 8:3 Acts 8:3As for Saul, he made havoc of the church, entering into every house, and haling men and women committed them to prison.
American King James Version×
). Saul is the name used for him until his first missionary journey when he came into contact with the Roman authorities. He was a Roman citizen (Acts 16:37-38 Acts 16:37-38 37 But Paul said to them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out privately? no truly; but let them come themselves and fetch us out. 38 And the sergeants told these words to the magistrates: and they feared, when they heard that they were Romans.
American King James Version×
; Acts 25:10-12 Acts 25:10-12 10 Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar’s judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as you very well know. 11 For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me to them. I appeal to Caesar. 12 Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, Have you appealed to Caesar? to Caesar shall you go.
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) and customarily Romans had at least two names. No further names are mentioned for Saul, except for his Greek name Paul and this became the only name used to refer to him after the start of his missionary work (Acts 13:9 Acts 13:9Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him.
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). This was the point where God separated Barnabas and Saul for the work God called them to do (Acts 13:2 Acts 13:2As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
American King James Version×
). Though Saul was Roman by birth, he came from Tarsus and was of a Hebrew family, a Pharisee and highly respected among the leadership of Judaism. This allowed him to move freely among the Jews and the Romans.

For the sake of making the points of this article, I am using the name Saul to reflect what and who Paul was before God called him into His service. God loves His creation and He understands how humans have wandered in darkness and confusion ever since the Garden of Eden. He also has the power to open our minds to the understanding of truth and in His brilliance, God calls and opens the mind at just the right time (Luke 24:27 Luke 24:27And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
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, Luke 24:32 Luke 24:32And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
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). We sometimes seem to have blinders on. We look without seeing. I can recall an old lady who seemed irritated with me one Sabbath. When I asked her if there was a problem, she retorted that I and another minister had walked past her in a shopping mall without greeting her. I have absolutely no recollection of that and I would not consciously do that. Still, I also do not doubt her word. I apologized and admitted that sometimes we can look right at a person andnothing registers in our mind. I have even wrestled within myself to remember the name of a relative or wife of a friend during a conversation. It can be unnerving when we cannot recall something that is very familiar.  Perhaps this is something like what happens when we are looking without seeing.

Saul was looking long and hard at the growing movement of the followers of Jesus Christ after His resurrection. He saw this as a threat to Judaism and a sect that needed to be erased. There was a moment in time when God nudged Saul into a point of comprehension that had escaped him.  Up until this point, Saul was the horror story to converted people. On Saul’s trip to Damascus in pursuit of God’s people, God suddenly reached out to Saul. The King James differs from the NIV in the translation of Acts 9:5 Acts 9:5And he said, Who are you, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom you persecute: it is hard for you to kick against the pricks.
American King James Version×
, but I like the King James Version: “I am Jesus who you are persecuting. It is hard for you to kick against the pricks.” (New King James says “goads”). It seems there were some points in Saul’s understanding that he could not quite satisfy within himself, but he ignored that knowledge enough to persecute the people of God. What is also very clear is that God hadhad His eye on Saul for a long time – but allowed Him to hurt many followers. God is just and He will bless those who suffered or were martyred through the hand of Saul. It is also certain that Paul would never forget his actions. Though forgiven, the past still drove him. God could use the memories that Paul could not erase for the development of inner determination and strength in Saul that would make him a dynamo in His service. God is fully in charge.

2 Chronicles 16:9 2 Chronicles 16:9For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to show himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein you have done foolishly: therefore from now on you shall have wars.
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informs us that God’s eyes run to and fro seeking those who would be loyal to Him. Saul was almost fanatically loyal to the wrong concept of God, and God was about to use that strength. Saul knew the Torah well and had no doubt been informed about the beliefs of the followers of Jesus Christ. During his three days of blindness and time of sincere fervent prayer to God, everything suddenly seemed to fall into place. He dreamt of Ananias coming to baptize him and restoring his sight. Right after baptism, Saul began to preach in the synagogues in Damascus that Jesus was the Son of God. Talk about an about face. Church members were still petrified of him and dubious about his conversion (Acts 9:12-21 Acts 9:12-21 12 And has seen in a vision a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. 13 Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem: 14 And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on your name. 15 But the Lord said to him, Go your way: for he is a chosen vessel to me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel: 16 For I will show him how great things he must suffer for my name’s sake. 17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared to you in the way as you came, has sent me, that you might receive your sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost. 18 And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight immediately, and arose, and was baptized. 19 And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus. 20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God. 21 But all that heard him were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and came here for that intent, that he might bring them bound to the chief priests?
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). He realized who Christ was and his knowledge of the Torah and of the acts of Christ – gave him an immediate understanding. Perhaps this sort of thing hashappened to you. I recall trying to understand a point of calculus once and after struggling with it for a couple of days, I was boarding a bus and all of a sudden the answer came to me. I had not been thinking about it consciously, but the answer was clear. It seemed Saul had a sudden clarity about something that was troubling him. He had seen the sincerity and faith of those whom he had persecuted. God chose Saul.

There is wonderment in the events that led up to the meeting on the road. The people were afraid of Saul for all the damage he had done to the church (Acts 9:13 Acts 9:13Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem:
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, Acts 9:21 Acts 9:21But all that heard him were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and came here for that intent, that he might bring them bound to the chief priests?
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). There is no telling how many people Saul put in chains, had thrown into prison, chased from place to place, encouraged those who stoned them to death and brought them to authorities who would whip and abuse them terribly. Paul never forgot what he did (I Corinthians 15:9). He knew there were families that he had hurt and those he had delivered bound to prison (Acts 9:1-2 Acts 9:1-2 1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest, 2 And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem.
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). Paul also knew the harsh treatment they would receive. Thirst, hunger, cold and misery were always present. Paul told of the saints that he hounded and chased from the synagogues, gave over to be beaten and although he only mentions Stephen – we could wonder how many others were stoned to death or otherwise executed (Acts 22:19-20 Acts 22:19-20 19 And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on you: 20 And when the blood of your martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting to his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.
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).

When God told Ananias that He would show Paul how much he would suffer for His name – could it be that God would use the suffering Saul caused? Could it be that in order for the apostles and members of the church to accept Paul as a convert and teacher, they would have to see his great devotion. Is that perhaps a reason that in his ministry Paul may have suffered from most every type of suffering that he had inflicted upon God’s people? When Paul was explaining himself to the Corinthians, it seems as though he was defending the fact that he was an apostle. He tells them that he worked harder than the other apostles, and suffered more. The words Paul used so strongly were not for boasting, they were to satisfy those who still remembered Saul.  Why would Paul write about his sufferings twice in the same book to the Gentile church in Corinth (2 Corinthians 6:5-10 2 Corinthians 6:5-10 5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings; 6 By pureness, by knowledge, by long-suffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, 7 By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, 8 By honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report: as deceivers, and yet true; 9 As unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed; 10 As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.
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; 2 Corinthians 11:22-29 2 Corinthians 11:22-29 22 Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I. 23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labors more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. 24 Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one. 25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep; 26 In journeys often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by my own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brothers; 27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. 28 Beside those things that are without, that which comes on me daily, the care of all the churches. 29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not?
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) – and years after God chose him? God was transforming Saul into Paul.

God saw, in Saul, some qualities He wanted. God would be sending him among the Gentiles throughout the Roman Empire and, as a born Roman citizen, the way was clear.  He would use Paul to write about the New Covenant. Only Luke wrote a little more than Paul in the New Testament.  When, however, the book of Hebrews is included in Paul’s Writings (where I believe it belongs), Paul’s writings are just a little more than those of Luke. Only Paul explained and expounded the terms of the New Covenant. What qualities did God find in Saul the persecutor? Saul was an expert on the teachings of the Torah. He had a deeper understanding than the other disciples about certain New Covenant teachings. He was gifted in several languages – Hebrew, Latin, Greek and Aramaic (at the least). He had great privileges of travel within the Roman Empire. He was a Pharisee – and thus had access and authority in the synagogues. He knew how to conduct himself among the Jews and the Gentiles. He had a burning desire to serve God – though his zeal was wrongly directed. He was unmarried and thus free to travel. He had disturbed the members of the church through his persecution – and his presence was not readily welcomed in Judea – thus Paul would serve far away from Jerusalem. He was highly educated and could write instructive letters. He was bold, outspoken, and unafraid. Saul had all the qualities that an active and powerful Apostle to the Gentiles needed. The qualities God wanted in Paul were within Saul – all that was needed was Saul’s conversion. God knew his heart – and used the qualities of Saul to bring Paul into His service. Paul did not disappoint – he changed from Saul and became Paul.  

To learn more about how God can work in your life, please read the Bible study aid Transforming Your life: The Process of Conversion .