There is a resurrection and judgment for the bulk of mankind revealed in the last Holy Day of the year. The New Testament shows why the Last Great Day is truly great!
Here we are on the Last Great Day.
This is the last Holy Day in the rehearsal of God’s Plan of Salvation that lays out for mankind God’s plan of salvation.
This is a day powerful in understanding God’s plan of salvation for mankind. It is a day of great and deep meaning for those who ever lived and died not knowing the meaning of life and God’s purpose for them.
For close to six thousand years, very few people have had a direct relationship with God. Why is that?
The simple answer is that mankind, beginning in the Garden of Eden, chose to not have a direct relationship with God. Mankind made a choice to determine for himself how to live.
A few of those who have desired to have a relationship with God have some of their stories recorded for us in Scripture.
But there are billions and billions of individuals who have lived and died never knowing the meaning for life and God’s desire and purpose for creating mankind.
Great and mighty civilizations have risen and fallen, mankind has achieved greatness on many physical levels – only to struggle with living in peace and harmony.
Even of those who did have knowledge of God’s purpose for mankind, often had only a limited understanding.
In John chapter 4 we have an interesting story recorded for us.
Christ was traveling through Samaria, and in the city of Sychar He encountered a woman drawing water from a well.
He told her to give Him some water to drink, but the woman was taken aback by having a Jew even talk to her.
The Samaritan’s were a foreign people living in the former lands of the Northern tribes of Israel. They were not descendants of Israel even though they claimed to be. They had mixed with some Israelites and blended their cultures and religions – and so the Jews to the south wanted nothing to do with them.
Christ used this opportunity to illustrate part of God’s plan of salvation – if not the Samaritan woman then certainly to those who would read of the encounter later.
Christ told her that if she understood Who it was who told her to give Him drink, she could have asked Him and He would have given her living water – water that would permanently satisfy her thirst.
She didn’t comprehend what Christ was referencing, thinking only of physical water, but Christ explained that physical water doesn’t satisfy permanently, but the water He was offering would bring eternal life.
She wanted that water! Who wouldn’t?
Please turn with me to John 4 and we will pick up the story in verse 21.
John 4:21-24 John 4:21-24 21 Jesus said to her, Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when you shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
22 You worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
23 But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him.
24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
American King James Version×– spirit and truth
The Jews who had the written words of the law and prophets were not focused on the spiritual aspects of the law.
The Samaritans who had some enthusiasm for being religious were missing the truth in God’s law.
God wants those who worship in both spirit and truth.
The Samaritan woman understood enough to know that the Messiah would bring understanding to the people in teaching them of God’s purpose. Christ let her know that He was that Messiah in verse 26.
This Samaritan woman is a type of the whole world.
The whole world wants what God is offering – eternal life, peace, safety, living without struggling, happy families, etc. – but they don’t know how to receive it.
This day pictures the time when all of those who have never known God and His purpose, will have their first opportunity to know God and His purpose and will be invited to be in God’s family and to live His truth.
Billions and billions of mankind have never had that opportunity – but they will.
Today we are going to consider from Scripture Why The Last Great Day Is Great.
Let’s begin today by doing a quick review of God’s Holy Days as given to us in Leviticus 23.
What is very interesting in Leviticus 23 with the Holy Days is how those days are listed by their numerical month and day and then after that God gave each Feast a name.
Leviticus 23:3 Leviticus 23:3Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; you shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
American King James Version×– the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord
Leviticus 23:5 Leviticus 23:5In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’s passover.
American King James Version×– the fourteenth day is the Passover
Leviticus 23:6 Leviticus 23:6And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
American King James Version×– the fifteenth day is the Feast of Unleavened Bread
There were Holy convocations on the first day and the seventh day.
The third Holy Day comes next.
Leviticus 23:9-22 Leviticus 23:9-22 9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 10 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you be come into the land which I give to you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest: 11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And you shall offer that day when you wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering to the LORD. 13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD for a sweet smell: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. 14 And you shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that you have brought an offering to your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 15 And you shall count to you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 16 Even to the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall you number fifty days; and you shall offer a new meat offering to the LORD. 17 You shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven; they are the first fruits to the LORD. 18 And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering to the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet smell to the LORD. 19 Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21 And you shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation to you: you shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. 22 And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not make clean riddance of the corners of your field when you reap, neither shall you gather any gleaning of your harvest: you shall leave them to the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
American King James Version×– The Feast of Weeks
Notice this Day is given a name but no numerical day or month is given – that’s because this Feast must be counted each year!
After the Feast of Weeks (or Pentecost as it is called in the NT) we move to the fall Holy Day season.
Leviticus 23:23-25 Leviticus 23:23-25 23 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 24 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. 25 You shall do no servile work therein: but you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.
American King James Version×– the seventh month, on the first day of the month…a memorial of blowing of trumpets
Followed 10 days later with the next Holy Day.
Leviticus 23:26-32 Leviticus 23:26-32 26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. 28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. 29 For whatever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. 30 And whatever soul it be that does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your sabbath.
American King James Version×– the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement
Leviticus 23:33-36 Leviticus 23:33-36 33 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 34 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days to the LORD. 35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein. 36 Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work therein.
American King James Version×– the fifteenth day of the seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord
Why just seven days and not eight? We’ll come back to that question a little later.
Notice that the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles is a holy convocation.
Leviticus 23:34-36 Leviticus 23:34-36 34 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days to the LORD. 35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein. 36 Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work therein.
American King James Version×– on the eight day you shall have a holy convocation
We are here today on this day.
What is this Eighth Day?
On the eighth day of what? I see only one possible answer!
The eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles!
REF: verse 39. One Feast, two “Sabbath-rest’s.
What is a sacred assembly?
The Hebrew word used for “sacred assembly” is atzereth (ats-a-‘rah).
The Soncino (Jewish) Commentary states this regarding Leviticus 23:36 Leviticus 23:36Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work therein.
American King James Version×:
[The] “solemn assembly or ‘closing festival’. (Heb. Atzereth) the concluding day of the Festival season, applied to the seventh day of Passover (Deut. 16:8) and in Rabbinic literature (not Scripture), to the Feast of Weeks.”
NOTE: Be careful with relying on Rabbinic teaching for understanding – Jesus Christ corrected the rabbi’s on more than one occasion!
Keil & Delitzsch comment on this word at the first place it is used, Leviticus 23:36 Leviticus 23:36Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work therein.
American King James Version×
“Moreover, on the eighth day… the closing feast was to be observed in the same manner as the first day (vv. 34-36). The name, ‘feast of Tabernacles’ (booths), is to be explained from the fact, that the Israelites were to dwell in booths made of boughs for the seven days that this festival lasted (v. 42).
Atzereth (ats-a-rah) which is used in v. 36 and Numbers 29:35 Numbers 29:35On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly: you shall do no servile work therein:
American King James Version×for the eighth day, which terminated the feast of Tabernacles, and in Deut. 16:8 for the seventh day of the feast of Mazzoth [U.B.], signifies the solemn close of a feast of several days … because the word is only applied to the last day of the feasts on Mazzoth and Tabernacles, and not to the first, although this was also kept with a national assembly and suspension of work… . The eighth day was rather the solemn close of the whole circle of yearly feasts, and therefore was appended to the close of the last of these feasts as the eighth day of the feast itself (see at Num. 28 seq.).”
So we see that the first place atzereth (ats-a-‘rah) is used it refers to the solemn close of God’s annual Feasts, the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles.
Nehemiah 8:14-18 Nehemiah 8:14-18 14 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month:
15 And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth to the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.
16 So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one on the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun to that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
18 Also day by day, from the first day to the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according to the manner.
American King James Version×
The Hebrews often used parallelism in their writings.
The Holmans Bible Dictionary states: “In parallelism, two or three short lines stand in one of three relationships to one another: synonymous, antithetic, or synthetic.”
Note the synonymous parallelism in verse 18:
a.“Also day by day, from the first day
b. until the last day, [only OT use of this term]
c. he read from the Book of the Law of God.
(First thought, three lines)
a. “And they kept the feast seven days;
b. and on the eighth day there was a sacred assembly,
c. according to the prescribed manner.”
(Second parallel thought, three lines)
Here in Nehemiah 8:18 Nehemiah 8:18Also day by day, from the first day to the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according to the manner.
American King James Version×the “last day” is in parallel with the “eighth day” which indicates they refer to the same day.
Nehemiah included the word atzereth (ats-a-‘rah) which indicates the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the solemn assembly which was also the close of God’s annual Feasts.
In the Old Testament, what we have called the LGD is most often referred to as “the eighth day.” (Leviticus 23:36 Leviticus 23:36Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work therein.
American King James Version×; Numbers 29:35 Numbers 29:35On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly: you shall do no servile work therein:
American King James Version×; 2 Chronicles 7:8-10 2 Chronicles 7:8-10 8 Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath to the river of Egypt. 9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days. 10 And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had showed to David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people.
American King James Version×; Nehemiah 8:18 Nehemiah 8:18Also day by day, from the first day to the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according to the manner.
American King James Version×).
In those verses the Eighth Day is also designated as a “sacred assembly” or KJV “solemn assembly”
Some think that if is called “the eighth day” in the Hebrew Bible that’s what we should call it today.
But there are other factors to consider.
What Does the Eighth Day Mean?
God revealed to Israel that the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles as His Holy Day—but He never told them what the Day meant!
Israel understood, if imperfectly, what the other Holy Days referred to – but they were given no idea why they were told to keep the Eighth Day!
READ: Soncino Commentary, Leviticus 23:34 Leviticus 23:34Speak to the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days to the LORD.
American King James Version×: tabernacles. Heb. Succoth, lit. ‘booths’. In Exodus 23:16 Exodus 23:16And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which you have sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when you have gathered in your labors out of the field.
American King James Version×, it is called ‘the Feast of Ingathering’. In Rabbinic literature (not Scripture), it is known as ‘the Feast’, because, as the time of harvest, it would naturally be a period of rejoicing and holiday-making. It really consists of two groups: the first seven days, Tabernacles proper; and the eighth day, Atzeres [solemn assembly]. The seventh day of Tabernacles became in later times (not Scripture) an echo of the Day of Atonement and was known as Hoshanah Rabbah; and the second day of Atzeres [the Eighth Day] assumed the nature of a separate Festival under the name of Simchas Torah, Rejoicing in the Law, the day on which the annual reading of the Torah was completed and restart.
On verse 36 of Leviticus 23 they add: “Maimonides explains the purpose of this eighth day to be, ‘in order to complete our rejoicings, which cannot be perfect in booths, but in well-built homes.”
As I mentioned earlier, Jesus Christ clearly warned His disciples against relying on “Rabbinic sources.”
Referring to the Pharisees He also told His disciples: Slide 28
Let them alone. They are blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind leads the blind, both will fall into a ditch (Matthew 15:14 Matthew 15:14Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
American King James Version×).
In Matthew 23 Christ referred to the scribes and Pharisees as “blind guides” twice (v16 & 24), “fools and blind” twice (v17 & 19) and “blind Pharisee” (v26).
Why would any disciple of Jesus Christ seek understanding from those He specifically designated as “blind guides”?
We know that before Christ came, the knowledge of salvation was unavailable to almost all God’s servants.
The children of Israel, as a group, never heard the Good News of the Kingdom of God!
Jesus Christ was sent to proclaim that message!
Matthew 13:16-17 Matthew 13:16-17 16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. 17 For truly I say to you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which you see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which you hear, and have not heard them.
American King James Version×– righteous men desire to see what you see
2 Timothy 1:10 2 Timothy 1:10But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death, and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:
American King James Version×– Christ brought life
What Is The Timeline?
Ancient Israel was given many prophecies in the OT, but those prophecies seldom included a timeline of events.
A timeline explains this event will happen and then that event will happen.
There are some timelines, but relatively few.
More often they’d mention “the latter days” but gave no indication of how events connected to each other.
God informed Israel of a coming judgment, but He didn’t say when.
Deuteronomy 32:35-43 Deuteronomy 32:35-43 35 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come on them make haste. 36 For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he sees that their power is gone, and there is none shut up, or left. 37 And he shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted, 38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection. 39 See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand. 40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. 41 If I whet my glittering sword, and my hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to my enemies, and will reward them that hate me. 42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges on the enemy. 43 Rejoice, O you nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful to his land, and to his people.
American King James Version×– God will judge His people
But when? He didn’t say!
Ezekiel 34:20-28 Ezekiel 34:20-28 20 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD to them; Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle. 21 Because you have thrust with side and with shoulder, and pushed all the diseased with your horns, till you have scattered them abroad; 22 Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle. 23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. 24 And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it. 25 And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods. 26 And I will make them and the places round about my hill a blessing; and I will cause the shower to come down in his season; there shall be showers of blessing. 27 And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and shall know that I am the LORD, when I have broken the bands of their yoke, and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them. 28 And they shall no more be a prey to the heathen, neither shall the beast of the land devour them; but they shall dwell safely, and none shall make them afraid.
American King James Version×–
Again, no details on the timing.
As we’ll see, Jesus and His servant John changed that!
The specific details of the coming judgment gradually unfold in the New Testament!
God used the Apostle John to record Christ’s teachings on the resurrections.
John 5:25-29 John 5:25-29 25 Truly, truly, I say to you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. 26 For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself; 27 And has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. 28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, to the resurrection of damnation.
American King James Version×– the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God
Here we learn that the Father has given Jesus Christ the authority to execute judgment.
This was not known or revealed before!
We also learn that all who are in the graves will hear His voice 29and come forth.
In Ezekiel 37 one might think only the children of Israel that would come up.
Jesus informed us that everyone who ever lived will come up!
We also learn that there will be at least two resurrections: those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.
So those who have done good will come up and so will those who have done evil.
We’re still not told when; but more information will follow!
After explaining Christ’s teaching on the resurrections in John 5, John then used the term “the last day” seven times.
1. John 6:39 John 6:39And this is the Father’s will which has sent me, that of all which he has given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
American King James Version×– raise it up at the last day
That’s the term Nehemiah used to indicate the Eighth Day of the Feast!
Nehemiah also referred to it as the atzereth (ats-a-‘rah) the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the solemn close of God’s annual Feasts.
Would the Jews of John’s day have thought when Jesus used the term “the last day”?
Would they have thought the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles?
If they didn’t think that, what would they think the term the last day meant?
The last time the sun will come up?
The end of life on the planet??
Or would they have thought of the atzereth (ats-a-‘rah) as the Eighth Day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the solemn close of God’s annual Feasts?
Whatever the case, John didn’t explain the term. He expected them to understand his usage.
Let’s look at his next use of the term—the next verse!
2. John 6:40 John 6:40And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which sees the Son, and believes on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
American King James Version×– I will raise him up at the last day
Jesus referred to having eternal life in connection with the last day.
Those who see and believe in the Son will be raised up and given eternal life at the last day.
We understand the Church will be raised up at Christ’s return to the earth which we connect with the Feast of Trumpets.
But that’s only the First-fruits. The really big harvest comes—as we will see—at the last day.
3. John 6:44 John 6:44No man can come to me, except the Father which has sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
American King James Version×– I will raise him up at the last day
In this age – this time period of God unfolding His Plan of Salvation – only those specifically called by the Father are invited to come to Jesus Christ.
We know that the vast majority of people will be drawn to Jesus Christ at the resurrection of the last day.
4. John 6:54 John 6:54Whoever eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
American King James Version×– I will raise him up at the last day
Those in whom Jesus Christ dwells through the Holy Spirit, will be raised up at the last day.
Today only those God calls into Church are given the Holy Spirit.
But He will eventually call everyone who ever lived to salvation! (2 Peter 3:9 2 Peter 3:9The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is long-suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.
American King James Version×)
5. John 7:37 John 7:37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.
American King James Version×– on the last day
Christ was speaking of the Holy Spirit.
Notice, John again used the term the last day. But here he referred to that great day of the feast.
After we look at the other two places John wrote of the last day, we’ll come back to John 7:37 John 7:37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.
American King James Version×.
6. John 11:24 John 11:24Martha said to him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.
American King James Version×– he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day
7. John 12:48 John 12:48He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
American King James Version×– will judge him in the last day
The coming judgment will be based on the teachings Jesus Christ brought from the Father.
God’s servants understand that today; everyone else will be given that understanding later.
Notice that of the seven references, the first four mention the dead being raised from their graves at the last day.
The sixth mentions rising again in the resurrection of the last day.
The seventh mentions judgment taking place on those who are raised up in the last day.
I said the details of the judgment gradually unfold in the NT.
Revelation 19:11-21 Revelation 19:11-21 11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he does judge and make war. 12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 13 And he was clothed with a clothing dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of his mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treads the wine press of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. 17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the middle of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together to the supper of the great God; 18 That you may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great. 19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that worked miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat on the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
American King James Version×refers to events pictured by the Feast of Trumpets.
Revelation 20:1-3 Revelation 20:1-3 1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
American King James Version×to events pictured by the Day of Atonement.
Revelation 20:4-6 Revelation 20:4-6 4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark on their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he that has part in the first resurrection: on such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
American King James Version×the Feast of Tabernacles.
Revelation 20:11-13 Revelation 20:11-13 11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. 12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
American King James Version×the Last Great Day.
Please notice that we only learn the specific timing of these events in the closing chapters of last book of the Bible, the book of Revelation!
The other 11 Apostles and Paul never read the book of Revelation. They never had this explanation given to them.
Only John, at the end of the first century A.D., “saw” the complete Bible.
Clearly the focus of six of John’s seven references to “the last day” is the resurrection of the dead;
The first-fruits, relatively few, are raised at His return and an exponentially greater number will be raised “at the last day.”
We have long known the second resurrection is the focus of the eighth day of the Feast.
Interestingly, the term “the eighth day” is never used in the New Testament.
Now let’s go back and further examine John 7:37 John 7:37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.
American King James Version×, the fifth time John wrote of the last day.
John 7:37 John 7:37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.
American King James Version×– On the last day, that great day of the feast
Notice, John again used the term the last day. But here he added that great day of the feast.
The word great (megas) is used 195 times in the NT and 150 of them are translated great.
John 19:31 John 19:31The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) sought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
American King James Version×– “Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high [megas] day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.”
John 7:37 John 7:37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.
American King James Version×is translated this way in the NIV: “On the last and greatest day of the festival, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, ‘Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink.’”
In addition we’ve just seen that day was the atzereth (ats-a-‘rah) the sacred assembly at the close of God’s seven annual Feasts, it seems especially clear what on the last day, that great day of the feast would have meant to the Jews of John’s day.
But there’s even more we can learn from this verse.
We read John 6:44 John 6:44No man can come to me, except the Father which has sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
American King James Version×earlier where it states that today, only those specifically drawn by the Father can come to Jesus Christ – “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.”
But what Jesus taught on that Last Great Day in John 7 was different.
Anticipating the fulfillment of that day He said: “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.”
Today, anyone cannot come to Jesus; only those who have been specifically drawn by the Father at this time can come to Him.
But in the second resurrection, pictured by the Last Great Day, that restriction will be lifted.
Ezekiel 37:1-14 Ezekiel 37:1-14 1 The hand of the LORD was on me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the middle of the valley which was full of bones, 2 And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, see, they were very dry. 3 And he said to me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, you know. 4 Again he said to me, Prophesy on these bones, and say to them, O you dry bones, hear the word of the LORD. 5 Thus said the Lord GOD to these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and you shall live: 6 And I will lay sinews on you, and will bring up flesh on you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live; and you shall know that I am the LORD. 7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone. 8 And when I beheld, see, the sinews and the flesh came up on them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them. 9 Then said he to me, Prophesy to the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus said the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe on these slain, that they may live. 10 So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up on their feet, an exceeding great army. 11 Then he said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts. 12 Therefore prophesy and say to them, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. 13 And you shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, 14 And shall put my spirit in you, and you shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall you know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, said the LORD.
American King James Version×, 21-36
When Christ said He will bring Israel back, He didn’t mean just those who are alive at that time.
He also meant those who died and are in the graves in those nations!
Who knows how many millions that is—since they were removed from the land in 70 A.D.?
And the Gentiles who will also be raised from the dead, when they’re converted will become, as Paul wrote, the Israel of God.
John 5:25 John 5:25Truly, truly, I say to you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
American King James Version×– “the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live.”
All who turn from their former sinful ways and begin to live by “the word that I have spoken” (John 12:48 John 12:48He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
American King James Version×) will be welcomed into God’s everlasting Kingdom.
At that time anyone who thirsts can come to Him!
The Last Great Day foreshadows something truly great!
REF: Leviticus 23:42-43 Leviticus 23:42-43 42 You shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: 43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
American King James Version×
Why did God instruct Israel to dwell in temporary dwellings for seven days?
Why not all eight days?
As the children of Israel dwelt in booths while God brought them out of Egypt, so today His first-fruits dwell in temporary physical bodies.
Every human who ever lived has dwelt in a temporary dwelling: His or her body of flesh!
Every human dwells in a temporary tabernacle of flesh.
And in one sense, all humans live in Egypt!
A country that did not know God or follow His ways.
So starting with Abraham, He had to call each human being out of Egypt!
They became strangers and pilgrims on the earth, being trained to become children in the everlasting Kingdom of God!
But when the LGD arrives, which will happen after Jesus Christ’s 1,000 year reign on the earth,
God’s First fruits will no longer be in bodies of flesh; at the last trumpet they will be changed in the immortal and incorruptible children of God.
And it seems likely that all those humans who will live during the Millennium will have also been granted eternal life before the second resurrection of the Eighth Day!
So by the Eighth Day their existence will no longer be temporary!
They’ll be living permanently in the everlasting Kingdom of God!
So Israel dwelt in booths for seven days; but when the Eighth Day arrives, those who served Him during the 7,000 years will be in permanent dwellings!
What makes the LGD great?
The LGD day teaches God’s servants that all who have ever lived but not known the truth will be resurrected to be given the knowledge of salvation and the opportunity to enter the kingdom of God!
As God said through Ezekiel: 13Then you shall know that I am the Lord, when I have opened your graves, O My people, and brought you up from your graves. 14I will put My Spirit in you, and you shall live, and I will place you in your own land. Then you shall know that I, the Lord, have spoken it and performed it,” says the Lord’” (Ezekiel 37:13-14 Ezekiel 37:13-14 13 And you shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, 14 And shall put my spirit in you, and you shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall you know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, said the LORD.
American King James Version×).
No other religion or church has this knowledge that salvation is offered in this life.
God has had a plan from the beginning. He had a vision of what would be accomplished. He is creating a Godly family where He will be our God and we will all be his sons and daughters.
God reveals in His Word that every human being who has ever lived will have the opportunity to see and know God, and all will have access to the Fountain of the Water of Life.
Billions of people who have never had chance to see God and know God and have a relationship with God will have that opportunity to drink freely of the spiritual waters of everlasting life.
That understanding is what makes the Last Great Day truly GREAT!