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Profiles of Faith: Gideon - When a Few Make a Majority

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Gideon - When a Few Make a Majority

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The book of Hebrews lists Gideon among the heroes of faith in Israel's history (Hebrews 11:32). The exploits of men like Gideon, who lived more than 3,000 years ago, are recorded because "whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope" (Romans 15:4).

The incident in his life most familiar to Bible readers was a spiritual exercise in overcoming seemingly insurmountable obstacles.

Gideon understood the ultimate importance and safety of having God as man’s Ruler.

In the book of Judges we see that God was preparing Gideon for battle against numerically overwhelming odds: "You have 32,000 soldiers, Gideon, and that's far too many to do battle with the Midianites. I don't want anyone to think you'll win the coming battle by your own might. Tell your army that, if any among them are fearful, they are free to go" (Judges 7:2-3, paraphrased).

Gideon did as God instructed. He offered his men an honorable discharge from their duties, and 22,000 quickly disappeared over the horizon, headed for home.

Gideon looked around. One moment he thought he could count on 32,000 Israelite volunteers, the next he was left with only 10,000. Considering that the Midianite army numbered at least 135,000 (Judges 8:10), Gideon's diminished force might have been cause for concern.

Gideon's shrinking army

Gideon was in for another shock. God told him: "Gideon, you still have too many men to fight the Midianites. Take your remaining men down to the water and let them drink. There's more sorting to do, and those I select will do battle. But the rest, like those before them, should also return home" (Judges 7:4, paraphrased).

Ten thousand Israelites welcomed a cool, refreshing drink of water. The overwhelming majority-9,700-got down on their knees, placed their mouths to the water and drank. A relative handful, 300, crouched and scooped water to their mouths with their hands.

These 300, God said, would make up his army (Judges 7:4-8). God hand-picked Gideon's army: 300 men whose most distinguishing characteristic was not in proving themselves as mighty men of valor, but that they drank water from a position different from the others.

From 32,000 to 300, Gideon's army became only a fraction of what it had been. Surely God knew what He was doing, didn't He? Gideon might have wondered whether they all might be better off going home. Had God forgotten that Gideon's little band of soldiers would face an experienced army outnumbering them 450 to one? From all appearances, this situation made no sense.

God explained to Gideon His purpose for allowing him such a small army to battle the physically and numerically superior Midianites. He was not about to allow Israel to be able to boast that her own strength had saved her (Judges 7:2; 1 Corinthians 1:27-29). That honor would go to God alone. But God would work through Gideon.

What led up to this fateful situation?

Least likely to succeed

Among the judges who ruled Israel, Gideon was one of the most faithful and brave. Yet, when God appointed him to save Israel from the Midianites, his comments at the time showed that he considered himself the least likely to succeed: "O my Lord, how can I save Israel? Indeed my clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father's house" (Judges 6:15). Yet God's angel spoke to the contrary: "The Lord is with you, you mighty man of valor!" (Judges 6:12).

Is this a biblical oxymoron? Was God blind to Gideon's fear and uncertainty? Not really. Looking to the future, God saw Gideon's character after God inspired, bolstered and worked with him. God already viewed Gideon as a mighty warrior, although Gideon saw himself as a mere man with all his attendant weaknesses. He was, after all, hiding in the winepress while threshing his crop of wheat for fear of the Midianites when the angel appeared to him (Judges 6:11).

Haven't we found ourselves in similar situations?

Many centuries later the apostle Paul wrote that God is more concerned with our spiritual strength than our physical power. Paul illustrated this with his own example, revealing that he had requested that God heal him from a physical debilitation. However, God's response to Paul showed that He would not heal him; it would ultimately be better for Paul and others that he not be healed.

"And He said to me, 'My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in [your human] weakness' . . . For when I am weak, then I am [spiritually] strong" (2 Corinthians 12:9-10). God understands the human heart and mind, that it is all too easy for us to take credit for what is really God's doing. When we recognize that, God can use us more effectively, as both Paul and Gideon learned.

As far as Gideon was concerned, he was the least likely to become successful, especially as a warrior trying to lead a quarreling and bickering nation of Israelites.

Proofs of God's intentions

Gideon requested proof from God that He would be with him. Gideon cooked meat and bread and presented them to God's messenger. The angel told Gideon to place them on a rock, out of which fire devoured the food.

Emboldened by this event, Gideon sent messengers to the surrounding Israelite tribes to raise an army against the Midianites. But apparently he soon had second thoughts and desired more reassurance from God. God patiently allowed Gideon to choose his own proofs of God's promises.

Gideon first requested that, when he left the wool of a sheep out overnight on the threshing floor, God would allow the dew to moisten only the wool, leaving the surrounding ground dry. God did as Gideon requested. But, just to make sure that God had performed the miracle, Gideon made another request of God-this one, in Gideon's mind, more difficult. He asked God to reverse the miracle and allow the dew to moisten only the surrounding ground, leaving the wool dry.

Gideon knew the wool would absorb the dew more easily than the hard ground of the threshing floor, making this an even greater miracle. Again God did as Gideon requested (Judges 6:39-40). Gideon was convinced. This was proof enough for him to trust in God's calling.

The enemy delivered

Gideon must have taken heart when 32,000 fellow Israelites answered his call for help against the Midianites. Then he was likely bewildered as God scaled down the army from 32,000 to 10,000, then further to only 300.

God reassured Gideon: "By the three hundred men who lapped I will save you, and deliver the Midianites into your hand" (Judges 7:7). To reassure Gideon further, God told him to go with his servant to the enemy camp at night to "hear what they say; and afterward your hands shall be strengthened to go down against the camp" (Judges 7:9-11).

A formidable sight appeared to Gideon's small army, for "the Midianites and Amalekites, all the people of the East, were lying in the valley as numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the seashore in multitude" (Judges 7:12).

But Gideon and Purah, his servant, did as God instructed. They stealthily made their way to the edge of the enemy encampment, where they overheard an amazing exchange between two soldiers. "I have had a dream," said one. "To my surprise, a loaf of barley bread tumbled into the camp of Midian; it came to a tent and struck it so that it fell and overturned, and the tent collapsed." His companion responded, "This is nothing else but the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel! Into his hand God has delivered Midian and the whole camp" (Judges 7:13-14).

God had inspired these men to inform Gideon precisely of what God would do for him. "And so it was, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream and its interpretation, that he worshiped. He returned to the camp of Israel, and said, 'Arise, for the Lord has delivered the camp of Midian into your hand'" (Judges 7:15).

The plan was simple but brilliant: Gideon divided the 300 men into three groups, equipped each of the men with a trumpet and a pitcher covering a lighted torch. He instructed them, "When I blow the trumpet, I and all who are with me, then you also blow the trumpets on every side of the whole camp, and say, 'The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!'" (Judges 7:18).

When they were in place surrounding the Midianites' camp, Gideon and his small army blew their trumpets, shouted their battle cry, broke their pitchers and held their torches high. "When the three hundred blew the trumpets, the Lord set every man's sword against his companion throughout the whole camp; and the [enemy] army fled to Beth Acacia . . ." (Judges 7:22).

In the dark the Midianites panicked at the tumult of shouting, trumpet blasts and breaking pitchers and the sight of torches surrounding them. In their terror and confusion they fought and killed each other. Gideon's men emerged unscathed.

The judge who refused to be king

In spite of his fame, Gideon remained humble. When he had routed the Midianites, the Israelites wanted him to rule as a king over them. Gideon's memorable and faithful words: "I will not rule over you, nor shall my son rule over you; the Lord shall rule over you" (Judges 8:23).

Gideon's words speak well of his character. He knew that all human rulership will eventually fail, that God's rulership is the only lasting answer to mankind's problems. Perhaps he understood that the time is coming during which this will become reality: Jesus Christ will reign on earth in the Kingdom of God.

Gideon knew that only God could exercise fair judgment on mankind. The book of Judges recounts a sad litany of how inadequately man rules himself.

The book of Judges concludes with, "In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes" (Judges 21:25). Some have assumed that this implies that a human king was the best answer to Israel's backsliding during the days of the judges. This is not true. God makes this clear through the prophet Samuel when the Bible picks up the story of ancient Israel's history: "Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, 'Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make for us a king to judge us like all the nations.' But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, 'Give us a king to judge us.' So Samuel prayed to the Lord. And the Lord said to Samuel, 'Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them'" (1 Samuel 8:4-7).

Judges 21:25 is not advocating a human king as the solution for Israel's problems throughout the time of the book of Judges. Coupled with Samuel's experience in dealing with carnal, unconverted people, it does help us see that humans, in rejecting God's rule over them, are incapable of rightly governing themselves.

Apparently Gideon understood the ultimate importance and safety of having God as man's Ruler. He knew this was a far better outcome than being forced to endure the unpredictability and subjectivity of human nature and ingrained vanity and selfishness of human leaders. Gideon knew that God is always merciful, patient and just toward human beings; human beings are seldom so.

Gideon's humble, visionary attitude made of him a conqueror before God and a hero in the eyes of his countrymen. Gideon's example proves to us that, through the faithfulness of a few, many can be delivered and become conquerors. With God the outcome doesn't depend on human might and strength (Zechariah 4:6), because a few plus God is better than a majority without Him!


  • KARS

    Thank you for posting this lesson. These are the kinds of stories I like to read in the Bible when I am feeling a little down. They are inspiring and uplifting to the me.

  • onetenben

    I love this story. The least likely person rises to the task of garnering forces. He does what so many fail to consider, establish in their own hearts for that they have indeed heard from God. Gideon, like the rest of Israel were tiered of having their produce rob from them. Gideon needed to establish in himself that he was not motivated by his own desire for being delivered. He need to distinguish clearly that it was God's voice he was hearing. Initially he had his supporters believe that they could do it with God's help. but he was still not a hundred percent convinced. He shows us that we can overcome insecurities and then conquer insurmountable odds, what ever they may be. Thanks for the post.

    I happened on this post, as I was looking for a couple of thoughts that others are thinking about Gideon. My message tonight is: "Gideon and God's Plan".

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